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Items: 1 to 20 of 38

1.
2.

Tobacco smoking, harm reduction, and biomarkers.

Shields PG.

J Natl Cancer Inst. 2002 Oct 2;94(19):1435-44. Review.

PMID:
12359853
3.
4.

Smokeless tobacco: a gateway to smoking or a way away from smoking.

Melikian AA, Hoffmann D.

Biomarkers. 2009 Jul;14 Suppl 1:85-9. doi: 10.1080/13547500902965401. Review.

PMID:
19604066
5.

[Smoking reduction and temporary abstinence: new approaches for smoking cessation].

Le Houezec J, Säwe U.

J Mal Vasc. 2003 Dec;28(5):293-300. Review. French.

PMID:
14978435
6.

Snuffing out cigarette sales and the smoking deaths epidemic.

Laugesen M.

N Z Med J. 2007 Jun 15;120(1256):U2587. Review.

PMID:
17589555
7.

Nicotine and smokeless tobacco.

Benowitz NL.

CA Cancer J Clin. 1988 Jul-Aug;38(4):244-7. Review.

8.

Trends in cigarette smoking in the United States. The epidemiology of tobacco use.

Fiore MC.

Med Clin North Am. 1992 Mar;76(2):289-303. Review.

PMID:
1548962
9.

Smokeless tobacco use by youth: a health concern.

Johnson GK, Squier CA.

Pediatr Dent. 1993 May-Jun;15(3):169-74. Review.

PMID:
8378153
10.

The epidemiology of tobacco use, dependence, and cessation in the United States.

Smith SS, Fiore MC.

Prim Care. 1999 Sep;26(3):433-61. Review.

PMID:
10436282
11.

Does dual use jeopardize the potential role of smokeless tobacco in harm reduction?

Frost-Pineda K, Appleton S, Fisher M, Fox K, Gaworski CL.

Nicotine Tob Res. 2010 Nov;12(11):1055-67. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntq147. Epub 2010 Sep 16. Review.

PMID:
20847148
12.

Smokeless tobacco and cardiovascular disease.

Asplund K.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2003 Mar-Apr;45(5):383-94. Review.

PMID:
12704595
13.

Systematic review of the relation between smokeless tobacco and cancer in Europe and North America.

Lee PN, Hamling J.

BMC Med. 2009 Jul 29;7:36. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-7-36. Review.

14.

Smokeless tobacco use among adults in the Southeast.

Bell RA, Spangler JG, Quandt SA.

South Med J. 2000 May;93(5):456-62. Review.

PMID:
10832940
15.

Tobacco, youth, and sports.

Epps RP, Lynn WR, Manley MW.

Adolesc Med. 1998 Oct;9(3):483-90, vi. Review.

PMID:
9928462
16.

Impact of tobacco use on periodontal status.

Johnson GK, Slach NA.

J Dent Educ. 2001 Apr;65(4):313-21. Review.

17.

Should the European Union lift the ban on snus? Evidence from the Swedish experience.

Fagerström KO, Schildt EB.

Addiction. 2003 Sep;98(9):1191-5. Review.

PMID:
12930202
18.

A systematic review of transitions between cigarette and smokeless tobacco product use in the United States.

Tam J, Day HR, Rostron BL, Apelberg BJ.

BMC Public Health. 2015 Mar 18;15:258. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1594-8. Review.

19.

Psychosocial factors in the use of smokeless tobacco and their implications for P.L. 99-252.

Severson HH.

J Public Health Dent. 1990 Winter;50(1):90-7. Review.

PMID:
2404114
20.

[Use of snuff entails lower risk of cardiovascular diseases than does smoking].

Asplund K.

Lakartidningen. 2003 Jun 19;100(25):2206-10. Review. Swedish.

PMID:
12872508

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