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Yeast. 2000 Mar 15;16(4):377-86.

Disruption of six novel genes from chromosome VII of Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals one essential gene and one gene which affects the growth rate.

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Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Piazzale A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.


Six ORFs of unknown function located on chromosome VII of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were disrupted in two different genetic backgrounds, and the phenotype of the generated mutants was analysed. Disruptions of ORFs YGR256w, YGR272c, YGR273c, YGR275w and YGR276c were carried out using the disruption marker kanMX4 flanked by short homology regions, whereas ORF YGR255c was inactivated with a long flanking homology (LFH) disruption cassette (Wach et al., 1994). Tetrad analysis of the heterozygous disruptants revealed that ORF YGR255c, previously identified as COQ6 and encoding a protein involved in the biosynthesis of coenzime Q (Tzagoloff and Dieckmann, 1990), is an essential gene. The same analysis also revealed that sporulation of the ygr272cDelta heterozygous diploid produced two small colonies per ascus that were also G418-resistant, indicating that the inactivation of ORF YGR272c could result in a slower growth rate. This result was confirmed by growth tests of the haploid disruptants and by complementation of the phenotype after transformation with a plasmid carrying the cognate gene. No phenotypes could be associated to the inactivation of ORFs YGR256w, YGR273c, YGR275w and YGR276c. Two of these genes have recently been further characterized: ORF YGR255w, renamed RTT102, encodes a regulator of the Ty1-element transposition, whereas ORF YGR276c was found to encode the 70 kDa RNase H activity and was renamed RNH70 (Frank et al., 1999).

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