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Items: 8


An examination of the observed placebo effect associated with the treatment of low back pain - a systematic review.

Puhl AA, Reinhart CJ, Rok ER, Injeyan HS.

Pain Res Manag. 2011 Jan-Feb;16(1):45-52. Review.


A systematic review on the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions for chronic non-specific low-back pain.

Kuijpers T, van Middelkoop M, Rubinstein SM, Ostelo R, Verhagen A, Koes BW, van Tulder MW.

Eur Spine J. 2011 Jan;20(1):40-50. doi: 10.1007/s00586-010-1541-4. Epub 2010 Jul 31. Review.


Pooled analysis of rofecoxib placebo-controlled clinical trial data: lessons for postmarket pharmaceutical safety surveillance.

Ross JS, Madigan D, Hill KP, Egilman DS, Wang Y, Krumholz HM.

Arch Intern Med. 2009 Nov 23;169(21):1976-85. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.394.


Periganglionic inflammation elicits a distally radiating pain hypersensitivity by promoting COX-2 induction in the dorsal root ganglion.

Amaya F, Samad TA, Barrett L, Broom DC, Woolf CJ.

Pain. 2009 Mar;142(1-2):59-67. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2008.11.013. Epub 2009 Jan 9.


Imperfect placebos are common in low back pain trials: a systematic review of the literature.

Machado LA, Kamper SJ, Herbert RD, Maher CG, McAuley JH.

Eur Spine J. 2008 Jul;17(7):889-904. doi: 10.1007/s00586-008-0664-3. Epub 2008 Apr 18. Review.


A systematic review of measures used to assess chronic musculoskeletal pain in clinical and randomized controlled clinical trials.

Litcher-Kelly L, Martino SA, Broderick JE, Stone AA.

J Pain. 2007 Dec;8(12):906-13. Epub 2007 Aug 9. Review.


Effect sizes of non-surgical treatments of non-specific low-back pain.

Keller A, Hayden J, Bombardier C, van Tulder M.

Eur Spine J. 2007 Nov;16(11):1776-88. Epub 2007 Jul 10.


Outcome of non-invasive treatment modalities on back pain: an evidence-based review.

van Tulder MW, Koes B, Malmivaara A.

Eur Spine J. 2006 Jan;15 Suppl 1:S64-81. Epub 2005 Dec 1. Review.

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