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Prokineticin-2 promotes chemotaxis and alternative A2 reactivity of astrocytes.

Neal M, Luo J, Harischandra DS, Gordon R, Sarkar S, Jin H, Anantharam V, Désaubry L, Kanthasamy A, Kanthasamy A.

Glia. 2018 Sep 12. doi: 10.1002/glia.23467. [Epub ahead of print]


Prokineticin-2 upregulation during neuronal injury mediates a compensatory protective response against dopaminergic neuronal degeneration.

Gordon R, Neal ML, Luo J, Langley MR, Harischandra DS, Panicker N, Charli A, Jin H, Anantharam V, Woodruff TM, Zhou QY, Kanthasamy AG, Kanthasamy A.

Nat Commun. 2016 Oct 5;7:12932. doi: 10.1038/ncomms12932.


Hippocampal Astrocyte Cultures from Adult and Aged Rats Reproduce Changes in Glial Functionality Observed in the Aging Brain.

Bellaver B, Souza DG, Souza DO, Quincozes-Santos A.

Mol Neurobiol. 2017 May;54(4):2969-2985. doi: 10.1007/s12035-016-9880-8. Epub 2016 Mar 30.


Anti-inflammatory effects of astroglial α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are mediated by inhibition of the NF-κB pathway and activation of the Nrf2 pathway.

Patel H, McIntire J, Ryan S, Dunah A, Loring R.

J Neuroinflammation. 2017 Sep 26;14(1):192. doi: 10.1186/s12974-017-0967-6.


α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-mediated neuroprotection against dopaminergic neuron loss in an MPTP mouse model via inhibition of astrocyte activation.

Liu Y, Hu J, Wu J, Zhu C, Hui Y, Han Y, Huang Z, Ellsworth K, Fan W.

J Neuroinflammation. 2012 May 24;9:98. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-9-98.


The chemokine Bv8/prokineticin 2 is up-regulated in inflammatory granulocytes and modulates inflammatory pain.

Giannini E, Lattanzi R, Nicotra A, Campese AF, Grazioli P, Screpanti I, Balboni G, Salvadori S, Sacerdote P, Negri L.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Aug 25;106(34):14646-51. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0903720106. Epub 2009 Aug 10.


Controlled enzymatic production of astrocytic hydrogen peroxide protects neurons from oxidative stress via an Nrf2-independent pathway.

Haskew-Layton RE, Payappilly JB, Smirnova NA, Ma TC, Chan KK, Murphy TH, Guo H, Langley B, Sultana R, Butterfield DA, Santagata S, Alldred MJ, Gazaryan IG, Bell GW, Ginsberg SD, Ratan RR.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Oct 5;107(40):17385-90. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1003996107. Epub 2010 Sep 20.


Astrocytic phospholipase A2 contributes to neuronal glutamate toxicity.

Ha JS, Dho SH, Youm TH, Kwon KS, Park SS.

Brain Res. 2014 Nov 24;1590:97-106. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2014.10.015. Epub 2014 Oct 18.


Astrocyte GRK2 as a novel regulator of glutamate transport and brain damage.

Nijboer CH, Heijnen CJ, Degos V, Willemen HL, Gressens P, Kavelaars A.

Neurobiol Dis. 2013 Jun;54:206-15. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2012.12.013. Epub 2013 Jan 8.


αVβ3 Integrin regulates astrocyte reactivity.

Lagos-Cabré R, Alvarez A, Kong M, Burgos-Bravo F, Cárdenas A, Rojas-Mancilla E, Pérez-Nuñez R, Herrera-Molina R, Rojas F, Schneider P, Herrera-Marschitz M, Quest AFG, van Zundert B, Leyton L.

J Neuroinflammation. 2017 Sep 29;14(1):194. doi: 10.1186/s12974-017-0968-5.


Palmitoylethanolamide Blunts Amyloid-β42-Induced Astrocyte Activation and Improves Neuronal Survival in Primary Mouse Cortical Astrocyte-Neuron Co-Cultures.

Beggiato S, Borelli AC, Ferraro L, Tanganelli S, Antonelli T, Tomasini MC.

J Alzheimers Dis. 2018;61(1):389-399. doi: 10.3233/JAD-170699.


Prokineticin 2 is an endangering mediator of cerebral ischemic injury.

Cheng MY, Lee AG, Culbertson C, Sun G, Talati RK, Manley NC, Li X, Zhao H, Lyons DM, Zhou QY, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Apr 3;109(14):5475-80. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1113363109. Epub 2012 Mar 19.


Nrf2-mediated neuroprotection in the MPTP mouse model of Parkinson's disease: Critical role for the astrocyte.

Chen PC, Vargas MR, Pani AK, Smeyne RJ, Johnson DA, Kan YW, Johnson JA.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 24;106(8):2933-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0813361106. Epub 2009 Feb 5.


Protective mechanisms of adenosine in neurons and glial cells.

Schubert P, Ogata T, Marchini C, Ferroni S, Rudolphi K.

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 Oct 15;825:1-10. Review.


Circadian control of BDNF-mediated Nrf2 activation in astrocytes protects dopaminergic neurons from ferroptosis.

Ishii T, Warabi E, Mann GE.

Free Radic Biol Med. 2018 Sep 4. pii: S0891-5849(18)31523-5. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.09.002. [Epub ahead of print] Review.


Carnosine decreased neuronal cell death through targeting glutamate system and astrocyte mitochondrial bioenergetics in cultured neuron/astrocyte exposed to OGD/recovery.

Ouyang L, Tian Y, Bao Y, Xu H, Cheng J, Wang B, Shen Y, Chen Z, Lyu J.

Brain Res Bull. 2016 Jun;124:76-84. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2016.03.019. Epub 2016 Mar 31.


Neuronal activity regulates astrocytic Nrf2 signaling.

Habas A, Hahn J, Wang X, Margeta M.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Nov 5;110(45):18291-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208764110. Epub 2013 Oct 21.


PK2/PKR1 Signaling Regulates Bladder Function and Sensation in Rats with Cyclophosphamide-Induced Cystitis.

Chen B, Zhang H, Liu L, Wang J, Ye Z.

Mediators Inflamm. 2015;2015:289519. doi: 10.1155/2015/289519. Epub 2015 Dec 22.


15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) protects neurons from oxidative death via an Nrf2 astrocyte-specific mechanism independent of PPARγ.

Haskew-Layton RE, Payappilly JB, Xu H, Bennett SA, Ratan RR.

J Neurochem. 2013 Feb;124(4):536-47. doi: 10.1111/jnc.12107. Epub 2013 Jan 3.

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