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Microglia have a protective role in viral encephalitis-induced seizure development and hippocampal damage.

Waltl I, Käufer C, Gerhauser I, Chhatbar C, Ghita L, Kalinke U, Löscher W.

Brain Behav Immun. 2018 Nov;74:186-204. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2018.09.006. Epub 2018 Sep 11.


Chemokine receptors CCR2 and CX3CR1 regulate viral encephalitis-induced hippocampal damage but not seizures.

Käufer C, Chhatbar C, Bröer S, Waltl I, Ghita L, Gerhauser I, Kalinke U, Löscher W.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Sep 18;115(38):E8929-E8938. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1806754115. Epub 2018 Sep 4.


Macrophage depletion by liposome-encapsulated clodronate suppresses seizures but not hippocampal damage after acute viral encephalitis.

Waltl I, Käufer C, Bröer S, Chhatbar C, Ghita L, Gerhauser I, Anjum M, Kalinke U, Löscher W.

Neurobiol Dis. 2018 Feb;110:192-205. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2017.12.001. Epub 2017 Dec 5.


Brain inflammation, neurodegeneration and seizure development following picornavirus infection markedly differ among virus and mouse strains and substrains.

Bröer S, Käufer C, Haist V, Li L, Gerhauser I, Anjum M, Bankstahl M, Baumgärtner W, Löscher W.

Exp Neurol. 2016 May;279:57-74. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2016.02.011. Epub 2016 Feb 15.


Viral mouse models of multiple sclerosis and epilepsy: Marked differences in neuropathogenesis following infection with two naturally occurring variants of Theiler's virus BeAn strain.

Bröer S, Hage E, Käufer C, Gerhauser I, Anjum M, Li L, Baumgärtner W, Schulz TF, Löscher W.

Neurobiol Dis. 2017 Mar;99:121-132. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2016.12.020. Epub 2016 Dec 22.


Microglial cell depletion is fatal with low level picornavirus infection of the central nervous system.

Sanchez JMS, DePaula-Silva AB, Doty DJ, Truong A, Libbey JE, Fujinami RS.

J Neurovirol. 2019 Jun;25(3):415-421. doi: 10.1007/s13365-019-00740-3. Epub 2019 Mar 11.


Innate but not adaptive immune responses contribute to behavioral seizures following viral infection.

Kirkman NJ, Libbey JE, Wilcox KS, White HS, Fujinami RS.

Epilepsia. 2010 Mar;51(3):454-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2009.02390.x. Epub 2009 Oct 20.


Interleukin-6, produced by resident cells of the central nervous system and infiltrating cells, contributes to the development of seizures following viral infection.

Libbey JE, Kennett NJ, Wilcox KS, White HS, Fujinami RS.

J Virol. 2011 Jul;85(14):6913-22. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00458-11. Epub 2011 May 4.


Microglia are required for protection against lethal coronavirus encephalitis in mice.

Wheeler DL, Sariol A, Meyerholz DK, Perlman S.

J Clin Invest. 2018 Mar 1;128(3):931-943. doi: 10.1172/JCI97229. Epub 2018 Jan 29.


Complement Components Are Expressed by Infiltrating Macrophages/Activated Microglia Early Following Viral Infection.

Libbey JE, Cusick MF, Doty DJ, Fujinami RS.

Viral Immunol. 2017 Jun;30(5):304-314. doi: 10.1089/vim.2016.0175. Epub 2017 Apr 12.


Infiltrating macrophages are key to the development of seizures following virus infection.

Cusick MF, Libbey JE, Patel DC, Doty DJ, Fujinami RS.

J Virol. 2013 Feb;87(3):1849-60. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02747-12. Epub 2012 Dec 12.


Positive modulation of mGluR5 attenuates seizures and reduces TNF-α+ macrophages and microglia in the brain in a murine model of virus-induced temporal lobe epilepsy.

Hanak TJ, Libbey JE, Doty DJ, Sim JT, DePaula-Silva AB, Fujinami RS.

Exp Neurol. 2019 Jan;311:194-204. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2018.10.006. Epub 2018 Oct 11.


Automated quantification of EEG spikes and spike clusters as a new read out in Theiler's virus mouse model of encephalitis-induced epilepsy.

Anjum SMM, Käufer C, Hopfengärtner R, Waltl I, Bröer S, Löscher W.

Epilepsy Behav. 2018 Nov;88:189-204. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.09.016. Epub 2018 Oct 3.


Pharmacologic Depletion of Microglia Increases Viral Load in the Brain and Enhances Mortality in Murine Models of Flavivirus-Induced Encephalitis.

Seitz S, Clarke P, Tyler KL.

J Virol. 2018 Jul 31;92(16). pii: e00525-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00525-18. Print 2018 Aug 15.


The role of peripheral interleukin-6 in the development of acute seizures following virus encephalitis.

Cusick MF, Libbey JE, Doty DJ, DePaula-Silva AB, Fujinami RS.

J Neurovirol. 2017 Oct;23(5):696-703. doi: 10.1007/s13365-017-0554-8. Epub 2017 Jul 24.


Neuronal CCL2 expression drives inflammatory monocyte infiltration into the brain during acute virus infection.

Howe CL, LaFrance-Corey RG, Goddery EN, Johnson RK, Mirchia K.

J Neuroinflammation. 2017 Dec 4;14(1):238. doi: 10.1186/s12974-017-1015-2.


IFNγ influences type I interferon response and susceptibility to Theiler's virus-induced demyelinating disease.

Bowen JL, Olson JK.

Viral Immunol. 2013 Aug;26(4):223-38. doi: 10.1089/vim.2013.0004. Epub 2013 Jul 5.


Limited role of regulatory T cells during acute Theiler virus-induced encephalitis in resistant C57BL/6 mice.

Prajeeth CK, Beineke A, Iskandar CD, Gudi V, Herder V, Gerhauser I, Haist V, Teich R, Huehn J, Baumgärtner W, Stangel M.

J Neuroinflammation. 2014 Nov 13;11:180. doi: 10.1186/s12974-014-0180-9.


Inflammatory monocytes damage the hippocampus during acute picornavirus infection of the brain.

Howe CL, Lafrance-Corey RG, Sundsbak RS, Lafrance SJ.

J Neuroinflammation. 2012 Mar 9;9:50. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-9-50.

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