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Evaluation of e-liquid toxicity using an open-source high-throughput screening assay.

Sassano MF, Davis ES, Keating JE, Zorn BT, Kochar TK, Wolfgang MC, Glish GL, Tarran R.

PLoS Biol. 2018 Mar 27;16(3):e2003904. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2003904. eCollection 2018 Mar.


Flavored e-cigarette liquids reduce proliferation and viability in the CALU3 airway epithelial cell line.

Rowell TR, Reeber SL, Lee SL, Harris RA, Nethery RC, Herring AH, Glish GL, Tarran R.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 Jul 1;313(1):L52-L66. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00392.2016. Epub 2017 Apr 20.


Effect of electronic cigarettes on human middle ear.

Song JJ, Go YY, Mun JY, Lee S, Im GJ, Kim YY, Lee JH, Chang J.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Jun;109:67-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.03.028. Epub 2018 Mar 28.


Toxicity of the main electronic cigarette components, propylene glycol, glycerin, and nicotine, in Sprague-Dawley rats in a 90-day OECD inhalation study complemented by molecular endpoints.

Phillips B, Titz B, Kogel U, Sharma D, Leroy P, Xiang Y, Vuillaume G, Lebrun S, Sciuscio D, Ho J, Nury C, Guedj E, Elamin A, Esposito M, Krishnan S, Schlage WK, Veljkovic E, Ivanov NV, Martin F, Peitsch MC, Hoeng J, Vanscheeuwijck P.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Nov;109(Pt 1):315-332. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2017.09.001. Epub 2017 Sep 5.


Electronic Cigarettes: Their Constituents and Potential Links to Asthma.

Clapp PW, Jaspers I.

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2017 Oct 5;17(11):79. doi: 10.1007/s11882-017-0747-5. Review.


Analysis of symptoms and their potential associations with e-liquids' components: a social media study.

Li Q, Zhan Y, Wang L, Leischow SJ, Zeng DD.

BMC Public Health. 2016 Jul 30;16:674. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3326-0.


Nicotine emissions from electronic cigarettes: Individual and interactive effects of propylene glycol to vegetable glycerin composition and device power output.

Kosmider L, Spindle TR, Gawron M, Sobczak A, Goniewicz ML.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2018 May;115:302-305. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2018.03.025. Epub 2018 Mar 20.


Nicotine delivery, retention and pharmacokinetics from various electronic cigarettes.

St Helen G, Havel C, Dempsey DA, Jacob P 3rd, Benowitz NL.

Addiction. 2016 Mar;111(3):535-44. doi: 10.1111/add.13183. Epub 2015 Nov 11.


Flavourings significantly affect inhalation toxicity of aerosol generated from electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS).

Leigh NJ, Lawton RI, Hershberger PA, Goniewicz ML.

Tob Control. 2016 Nov;25(Suppl 2):ii81-ii87. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053205. Epub 2016 Sep 15.


Stimulus effects of propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin in electronic cigarette liquids.

Harvanko A, Kryscio R, Martin C, Kelly T.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 Jan 1;194:326-329. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.08.039. Epub 2018 Oct 18.


[Testing of the composition of e-cigarette liquids - Manufacturer-declared vs. true contents in a selected series of products].

Kucharska M, Wesołowski W, Czerczak S, Soćko R.

Med Pr. 2016;67(2):239-53. doi: 10.13075/mp.5893.00365. Polish.


Lung Toxicity of Condensed Aerosol from E-CIG Liquids: Influence of the Flavor and the In Vitro Model Used.

Bengalli R, Ferri E, Labra M, Mantecca P.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Oct 20;14(10). pii: E1254. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101254.


Evaluation of Nicotine and the Components of e-Liquids Generated from e-Cigarette Aerosols.

Peace MR, Mulder HA, Baird TR, Butler KE, Friedrich AK, Stone JW, Turner JBM, Poklis A, Poklis JL.

J Anal Toxicol. 2018 Oct 1;42(8):537-543. doi: 10.1093/jat/bky056.


Effects of electronic cigarette liquid solvents propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin on user nicotine delivery, heart rate, subjective effects, and puff topography.

Spindle TR, Talih S, Hiler MM, Karaoghlanian N, Halquist MS, Breland AB, Shihadeh A, Eissenberg T.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Jul 1;188:193-199. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.03.042. Epub 2018 May 1.


On-Line Chemical Composition Analysis of Refillable Electronic Cigarette Aerosol-Measurement of Nicotine and Nicotyrine.

Martinez RE, Dhawan S, Sumner W, Williams BJ.

Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Oct;17(10):1263-9. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu334. Epub 2014 Dec 26.


Chemical Evaluation of Electronic Cigarettes: Multicomponent Analysis of Liquid Refills and their Corresponding Aerosols.

Beauval N, Antherieu S, Soyez M, Gengler N, Grova N, Howsam M, Hardy EM, Fischer M, Appenzeller BMR, Goossens JF, Allorge D, Garçon G, Lo-Guidice JM, Garat A.

J Anal Toxicol. 2017 Oct 1;41(8):670-678. doi: 10.1093/jat/bkx054.


Reactive Oxygen Species Emissions from Supra- and Sub-Ohm Electronic Cigarettes.

Haddad C, Salman R, El-Hellani A, Talih S, Shihadeh A, Saliba NA.

J Anal Toxicol. 2019 Jan 1;43(1):45-50. doi: 10.1093/jat/bky065.


A C. elegans model of electronic cigarette use: Physiological effects of e-liquids in nematodes.

Panitz D, Swamy H, Nehrke K.

BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2015 Dec 4;16:32. doi: 10.1186/s40360-015-0030-0.

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