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  • PMID: 25508389 was deleted because it is a duplicate of PMID: 25464758
Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2013 Nov-Dec;63(6):677-86.

[Brain mapping in verbal and spatial thinking].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The goal of this study was to describe the topography of the active cortical areas and subcortical structuresin verbal and spatial thinking. The method of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used. 18 right-handed subjects participated in the study. Four types of tasks were presented: two experimental tasks--verbal (anagram) and spatial (search for a piece to complement a square), and two types of control tasks (written words and a spatial task, where all the pieces are identical). In solving verbal tasks the greater volume of activation was observed in the left hemisphere involving Broca's area, while the right middle frontal gyrus was activated in solving the spatial tasks. For occipital region an activation of the visual field 18 was more explicitin solving spatial problems, while the solution of anagrams caused an activation of the field 19 associated with higher levels of visual processing. The cerebellum was active bilaterally in both tasks with predominance in the second. The obtained fMRI data indicate that the verbal and spatial types of thinking are provided by an activation of narrow specific sets of brain structures, while the previous electrophysiological studies indicate the distributed nature of the brain processes in thinking. Combining these two approaches, it can be concluded that cognitive functions are supported by the systemic brain processes with a distinct location of the particular salient structures.

PMID:
25464758
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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