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Astrocytes acquire resistance to iron-dependent oxidative stress upon proinflammatory activation.

Macco R, Pelizzoni I, Consonni A, Vitali I, Giacalone G, Martinelli Boneschi F, Codazzi F, Grohovaz F, Zacchetti D.

J Neuroinflammation. 2013 Oct 28;10:130. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-10-130.


A possible role of microglia-derived nitric oxide by lipopolysaccharide in activation of astroglial pentose-phosphate pathway via the Keap1/Nrf2 system.

Iizumi T, Takahashi S, Mashima K, Minami K, Izawa Y, Abe T, Hishiki T, Suematsu M, Kajimura M, Suzuki N.

J Neuroinflammation. 2016 May 4;13(1):99. doi: 10.1186/s12974-016-0564-0.


The Nrf2-inducible antioxidant defense in astrocytes can be both up- and down-regulated by activated microglia:Involvement of p38 MAPK.

Correa F, Ljunggren E, Mallard C, Nilsson M, Weber SG, Sandberg M.

Glia. 2011 May;59(5):785-99. doi: 10.1002/glia.21151. Epub 2011 Feb 23.


Iron uptake in quiescent and inflammation-activated astrocytes: a potentially neuroprotective control of iron burden.

Pelizzoni I, Zacchetti D, Campanella A, Grohovaz F, Codazzi F.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Aug;1832(8):1326-33. doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2013.04.007. Epub 2013 Apr 11.


Repeated transient sulforaphane stimulation in astrocytes leads to prolonged Nrf2-mediated gene expression and protection from superoxide-induced damage.

Bergström P, Andersson HC, Gao Y, Karlsson JO, Nodin C, Anderson MF, Nilsson M, Hammarsten O.

Neuropharmacology. 2011 Feb-Mar;60(2-3):343-53. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2010.09.023. Epub 2010 Oct 1.


Controlled enzymatic production of astrocytic hydrogen peroxide protects neurons from oxidative stress via an Nrf2-independent pathway.

Haskew-Layton RE, Payappilly JB, Smirnova NA, Ma TC, Chan KK, Murphy TH, Guo H, Langley B, Sultana R, Butterfield DA, Santagata S, Alldred MJ, Gazaryan IG, Bell GW, Ginsberg SD, Ratan RR.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Oct 5;107(40):17385-90. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1003996107. Epub 2010 Sep 20.


Acetylcarnitine induces heme oxygenase in rat astrocytes and protects against oxidative stress: involvement of the transcription factor Nrf2.

Calabrese V, Ravagna A, Colombrita C, Scapagnini G, Guagliano E, Calvani M, Butterfield DA, Giuffrida Stella AM.

J Neurosci Res. 2005 Feb 15;79(4):509-21.


Hemin inhibits NO production by IL-1β-stimulated human astrocytes through induction of heme oxygenase-1 and reduction of p38 MAPK activation.

Sheng WS, Hu S, Nettles AR, Lokensgard JR, Vercellotti GM, Rock RB.

J Neuroinflammation. 2010 Sep 7;7:51. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-7-51.


Inflammation alters the expression of DMT1, FPN1 and hepcidin, and it causes iron accumulation in central nervous system cells.

Urrutia P, Aguirre P, Esparza A, Tapia V, Mena NP, Arredondo M, González-Billault C, Núñez MT.

J Neurochem. 2013 Aug;126(4):541-9. doi: 10.1111/jnc.12244. Epub 2013 Apr 3.


Regulation of proinflammatory cytokines gene expression by nociceptin/orphanin FQ in the spinal cord and the cultured astrocytes.

Fu X, Zhu ZH, Wang YQ, Wu GC.

Neuroscience. 2007 Jan 5;144(1):275-85. Epub 2006 Oct 25.


Dimethylfumarate inhibits microglial and astrocytic inflammation by suppressing the synthesis of nitric oxide, IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IL-6 in an in-vitro model of brain inflammation.

Wilms H, Sievers J, Rickert U, Rostami-Yazdi M, Mrowietz U, Lucius R.

J Neuroinflammation. 2010 May 19;7:30. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-7-30.


Involvement of selenoprotein P in protection of human astrocytes from oxidative damage.

Steinbrenner H, Alili L, Bilgic E, Sies H, Brenneisen P.

Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 May 1;40(9):1513-23. Epub 2006 Jan 13.


Neuronal activity regulates astrocytic Nrf2 signaling.

Habas A, Hahn J, Wang X, Margeta M.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Nov 5;110(45):18291-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208764110. Epub 2013 Oct 21.


Prothrombin kringle-2-induced oxidative stress contributes to the death of cortical neurons in vivo and in vitro: role of microglial NADPH oxidase.

Won SY, Choi SH, Jin BK.

J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Sep 29;214(1-2):83-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2009.07.005. Epub 2009 Aug 5.


Resveratrol differentially modulates inflammatory responses of microglia and astrocytes.

Lu X, Ma L, Ruan L, Kong Y, Mou H, Zhang Z, Wang Z, Wang JM, Le Y.

J Neuroinflammation. 2010 Aug 17;7:46. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-7-46.


Oxidative stress induces p53-mediated apoptosis in glia: p53 transcription-independent way to die.

Bonini P, Cicconi S, Cardinale A, Vitale C, Serafino AL, Ciotti MT, Marlier LN.

J Neurosci Res. 2004 Jan 1;75(1):83-95.


Overexpression of conserved dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) in astrocytes alleviates endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell damage and inflammatory cytokine secretion.

Cheng L, Zhao H, Zhang W, Liu B, Liu Y, Guo Y, Nie L.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 May 24;435(1):34-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.04.029. Epub 2013 Apr 25.


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