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Skeletal muscle predicts ventilator-free days, ICU-free days, and mortality in elderly ICU patients.

Moisey LL, Mourtzakis M, Cotton BA, Premji T, Heyland DK, Wade CE, Bulger E, Kozar RA; Nutrition and Rehabilitation Investigators Consortium (NUTRIC).

Crit Care. 2013 Sep 19;17(5):R206. doi: 10.1186/cc12901.


Sarcopenia increases risk of long-term mortality in elderly patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery.

Rangel EL, Rios-Diaz AJ, Uyeda JW, Castillo-Angeles M, Cooper Z, Olufajo OA, Salim A, Sodickson AD.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Dec;83(6):1179-1186. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001657.


Sarcopenia is a predictor of outcomes in very elderly patients undergoing emergency surgery.

Du Y, Karvellas CJ, Baracos V, Williams DC, Khadaroo RG; Acute Care and Emergency Surgery (ACES) Group.

Surgery. 2014 Sep;156(3):521-7. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2014.04.027. Epub 2014 Jun 12.


Evaluating Muscle Mass by Using Markers of Kidney Function: Development of the Sarcopenia Index.

Kashani KB, Frazee EN, Kukrálová L, Sarvottam K, Herasevich V, Young PM, Kashyap R, Lieske JC.

Crit Care Med. 2017 Jan;45(1):e23-e29.


Computed tomography abbreviated assessment of sarcopenia following trauma: The CAAST measurement predicts 6-month mortality in older adult trauma patients.

Leeper CM, Lin E, Hoffman M, Fombona A, Zhou T, Kutcher M, Rosengart M, Watson G, Billiar T, Peitzman A, Zuckerbraun B, Sperry J.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 May;80(5):805-11. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000989.


Simplified method of clinical phenotyping for older men and women using established field-based measures.

Fukuda DH, Smith-Ryan AE, Kendall KL, Moon JR, Stout JR.

Exp Gerontol. 2013 Dec;48(12):1479-88. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2013.10.005. Epub 2013 Oct 16.


Severe muscle depletion predicts postoperative length of stay but is not associated with survival after liver transplantation.

Montano-Loza AJ, Meza-Junco J, Baracos VE, Prado CM, Ma M, Meeberg G, Beaumont C, Tandon P, Esfandiari N, Sawyer MB, Kneteman N.

Liver Transpl. 2014 Jun;20(6):640-8. doi: 10.1002/lt.23863. Epub 2014 Mar 26.


The effect of body mass index on patient outcomes in a medical ICU.

Ray DE, Matchett SC, Baker K, Wasser T, Young MJ.

Chest. 2005 Jun;127(6):2125-31.


Usefulness and limitations of single-slice computed tomography analysis at the third lumbar region in the assessment of sarcopenia.

Binay Safer V, Safer U.

Crit Care. 2013 Nov 20;17(6):466. doi: 10.1186/cc13123. No abstract available.


Sarcopenia impairs prognosis of patients with liver cirrhosis.

Hanai T, Shiraki M, Nishimura K, Ohnishi S, Imai K, Suetsugu A, Takai K, Shimizu M, Moriwaki H.

Nutrition. 2015 Jan;31(1):193-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2014.07.005. Epub 2014 Jul 30.


Prognostic Value of Fat Mass and Skeletal Muscle Mass Determined by Computed Tomography in Patients Who Underwent Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

Mok M, Allende R, Leipsic J, Altisent OA, Del Trigo M, Campelo-Parada F, DeLarochellière R, Dumont E, Doyle D, Côté M, Freeman M, Webb J, Rodés-Cabau J.

Am J Cardiol. 2016 Mar 1;117(5):828-33. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.12.015. Epub 2015 Dec 13.


Mechanical ventilation in a cohort of elderly patients admitted to an intensive care unit.

Ely EW, Evans GW, Haponik EF.

Ann Intern Med. 1999 Jul 20;131(2):96-104.


Low skeletal muscle area is a risk factor for mortality in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.

Weijs PJ, Looijaard WG, Dekker IM, Stapel SN, Girbes AR, Oudemans-van Straaten HM, Beishuizen A.

Crit Care. 2014 Jan 13;18(2):R12. doi: 10.1186/cc13189.


Pre-operative assessment of muscle mass to predict surgical complications and prognosis in patients with endometrial cancer.

Kuroki LM, Mangano M, Allsworth JE, Menias CO, Massad LS, Powell MA, Mutch DG, Thaker PH.

Ann Surg Oncol. 2015 Mar;22(3):972-9. doi: 10.1245/s10434-014-4040-8. Epub 2014 Sep 5.


Skeletal muscle depletion is an independent prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Iritani S, Imai K, Takai K, Hanai T, Ideta T, Miyazaki T, Suetsugu A, Shiraki M, Shimizu M, Moriwaki H.

J Gastroenterol. 2015 Mar;50(3):323-32. doi: 10.1007/s00535-014-0964-9. Epub 2014 May 10.


The prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with respiratory failure classified as normally nourished using computed tomography and subjective global assessment.

Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Gomez Perez S, Troy KL, Patel A, Sclamberg JS, Ajanaku FC, Braunschweig CA.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Sep;38(7):873-9. doi: 10.1177/0148607113500308. Epub 2013 Aug 26.


Skeletal Muscle Depletion Predicts the Prognosis of Patients with Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Undergoing Palliative Chemotherapy, Independent of Body Mass Index.

Choi Y, Oh DY, Kim TY, Lee KH, Han SW, Im SA, Kim TY, Bang YJ.

PLoS One. 2015 Oct 5;10(10):e0139749. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139749. eCollection 2015.


Sarcopenia in liver cirrhosis: the role of computed tomography scan for the assessment of muscle mass compared with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and anthropometry.

Giusto M, Lattanzi B, Albanese C, Galtieri A, Farcomeni A, Giannelli V, Lucidi C, Di Martino M, Catalano C, Merli M.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2015 Mar;27(3):328-34. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000000274.


Sarcopenia is an independent prognostic factor in male patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Nakamura N, Hara T, Shibata Y, Matsumoto T, Nakamura H, Ninomiya S, Kito Y, Kitagawa J, Kanemura N, Goto N, Shiraki M, Miyazaki T, Takeuchi T, Shimizu M, Tsurumi H.

Ann Hematol. 2015 Dec;94(12):2043-53. doi: 10.1007/s00277-015-2499-4. Epub 2015 Sep 19.


Sarcopenia as a predictor of mortality in elderly blunt trauma patients: Comparing the masseter to the psoas using computed tomography.

Wallace JD, Calvo RY, Lewis PR, Brill JB, Shackford SR, Sise MJ, Sise CB, Bansal V.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Jan;82(1):65-72. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001297.


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