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Control of energy balance by hypothalamic gene circuitry involving two nuclear receptors, neuron-derived orphan receptor 1 and glucocorticoid receptor.

Kim SG, Lee B, Kim DH, Kim J, Lee S, Lee SK, Lee JW.

Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Oct;33(19):3826-34. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00385-13. Epub 2013 Jul 29.


Brain-specific homeobox factor as a target selector for glucocorticoid receptor in energy balance.

Lee B, Kim SG, Kim J, Choi KY, Lee S, Lee SK, Lee JW.

Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Jul;33(14):2650-8. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00094-13. Epub 2013 May 13.


AgRP Neuron-Specific Deletion of Glucocorticoid Receptor Leads to Increased Energy Expenditure and Decreased Body Weight in Female Mice on a High-Fat Diet.

Shibata M, Banno R, Sugiyama M, Tominaga T, Onoue T, Tsunekawa T, Azuma Y, Hagiwara D, Lu W, Ito Y, Goto M, Suga H, Sugimura Y, Oiso Y, Arima H.

Endocrinology. 2016 Apr;157(4):1457-66. doi: 10.1210/en.2015-1430. Epub 2016 Feb 18.


Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 is required in hypothalamic agouti-related protein/neuropeptide Y neurons for normal energy homeostasis.

Gong L, Yao F, Hockman K, Heng HH, Morton GJ, Takeda K, Akira S, Low MJ, Rubinstein M, MacKenzie RG.

Endocrinology. 2008 Jul;149(7):3346-54. doi: 10.1210/en.2007-0945. Epub 2008 Apr 10.


Expression of neuropeptide Y and agouti-related peptide in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus of newborn neurogenin3 null mutant mice.

Arai Y, Gradwohl G, Kameda Y.

Cell Tissue Res. 2010 Apr;340(1):137-45. doi: 10.1007/s00441-009-0925-4. Epub 2010 Feb 3.


Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor-independent expression of hypothalamic NOR1, a novel modulator of food intake and energy balance, in mice.

Nonogaki K, Kaji T, Ohba Y, Sumii M, Wakameda M, Tamari T.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Aug 21;386(2):311-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.06.023. Epub 2009 Jun 10.


The NR4A orphan nuclear receptor NOR1 is induced by platelet-derived growth factor and mediates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.

Nomiyama T, Nakamachi T, Gizard F, Heywood EB, Jones KL, Ohkura N, Kawamori R, Conneely OM, Bruemmer D.

J Biol Chem. 2006 Nov 3;281(44):33467-76. Epub 2006 Aug 31.


Induction of NPY/AgRP orexigenic peptide expression in rat hypothalamus is an early event in fasting: relationship with circulating leptin, insulin and glucose.

Palou M, Sánchez J, Rodríguez AM, Priego T, Picó C, Palou A.

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2009;23(1-3):115-24. doi: 10.1159/000204100. Epub 2009 Feb 18.


Association between liver X receptor-α and neuron-derived orphan nuclear receptor-1 in Kupffer cells of C57BL/6 mice during inflammation.

He K, Dai ZY, Li PZ, Zhu XW, Gong JP.

Mol Med Rep. 2015 Oct;12(4):6098-104. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2015.4155. Epub 2015 Jul 30.


The gut microbiota reduces leptin sensitivity and the expression of the obesity-suppressing neuropeptides proglucagon (Gcg) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) in the central nervous system.

Schéle E, Grahnemo L, Anesten F, Hallén A, Bäckhed F, Jansson JO.

Endocrinology. 2013 Oct;154(10):3643-51. doi: 10.1210/en.2012-2151. Epub 2013 Jul 26.


Somato-dendritic localization and signaling by leptin receptors in hypothalamic POMC and AgRP neurons.

Ha S, Baver S, Huo L, Gata A, Hairston J, Huntoon N, Li W, Zhang T, Benecchi EJ, Ericsson M, Hentges ST, Bjørbæk C.

PLoS One. 2013 Oct 29;8(10):e77622. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077622. eCollection 2013. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2013;8(12). doi:10.1371/annotation/a3ef8765-266f-4e4b-8370-264d6f6f301e.


Expression of neuropeptide Y and agouti-related protein mRNA stimulated by glucocorticoids is attenuated via NF-κB p65 under ER stress in mouse hypothalamic cultures.

Hagimoto S, Arima H, Adachi K, Ito Y, Suga H, Sugimura Y, Goto M, Banno R, Oiso Y.

Neurosci Lett. 2013 Oct 11;553:165-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.08.040. Epub 2013 Aug 28.


Insulin directly regulates NPY and AgRP gene expression via the MAPK MEK/ERK signal transduction pathway in mHypoE-46 hypothalamic neurons.

Mayer CM, Belsham DD.

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2009 Aug 13;307(1-2):99-108. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2009.02.031. Epub 2009 Mar 14.


Neuropeptide Y and agouti-related peptide mediate complementary functions of hyperphagia and reduced energy expenditure in leptin receptor deficiency.

Luo N, Marcelin G, Liu SM, Schwartz G, Chua S Jr.

Endocrinology. 2011 Mar;152(3):883-9. doi: 10.1210/en.2010-1135. Epub 2011 Feb 1.


Effects of subcutaneous leptin injections on hypothalamic gene profiles in lean and ob/ob mice.

Duan J, Choi YH, Hartzell D, Della-Fera MA, Hamrick M, Baile CA.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 Nov;15(11):2624-33.


The orexigenic activity of the hypothalamic neuropeptide 26RFa is mediated by the neuropeptide Y and proopiomelanocortin neurons of the arcuate nucleus.

Lectez B, Jeandel L, El-Yamani FZ, Arthaud S, Alexandre D, Mardargent A, Jégou S, Mounien L, Bizet P, Magoul R, Anouar Y, Chartrel N.

Endocrinology. 2009 May;150(5):2342-50. doi: 10.1210/en.2008-1432. Epub 2009 Jan 22.


Interleukin 6 deficiency modulates the hypothalamic expression of energy balance regulating peptides during pregnancy in mice.

Pazos P, Lima L, Casanueva FF, Diéguez C, García MC.

PLoS One. 2013 Aug 28;8(8):e72339. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072339. eCollection 2013.

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