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Inhibition of water absorption and selective damage to human colonic mucosa are induced by subtilase cytotoxin produced by Escherichia coli O113:H21.

Gerhardt E, Masso M, Paton AW, Paton JC, Zotta E, Ibarra C.

Infect Immun. 2013 Aug;81(8):2931-7. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00287-13. Epub 2013 Jun 3.


Inhibition of water absorption and selective damage to human colonic mucosa induced by Shiga toxin-2 are enhanced by Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection.

Albanese A, Gerhardt E, García H, Amigo N, Cataldi A, Zotta E, Ibarra C.

Int J Med Microbiol. 2015 May;305(3):348-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2015.02.002. Epub 2015 Mar 5.


Subtilase contributes to the cytotoxicity of a Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strain encoding three different toxins.

Hauser E, Bruederle M, Reich C, Bruckbauer A, Funk J, Schmidt H.

Int J Food Microbiol. 2016 Jan 18;217:156-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2015.10.023. Epub 2015 Oct 25.


Effects of Escherichia coli subtilase cytotoxin and Shiga toxin 2 on primary cultures of human renal tubular epithelial cells.

Márquez LB, Velázquez N, Repetto HA, Paton AW, Paton JC, Ibarra C, Silberstein C.

PLoS One. 2014 Jan 21;9(1):e87022. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087022. eCollection 2014.


A new pathogenicity island carrying an allelic variant of the Subtilase cytotoxin is common among Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli of human and ovine origin.

Michelacci V, Tozzoli R, Caprioli A, Martínez R, Scheutz F, Grande L, Sánchez S, Morabito S.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013 Mar;19(3):E149-56. doi: 10.1111/1469-0691.12122. Epub 2013 Jan 17.


Subtilase cytotoxin encoding genes are present in human, sheep and deer intimin-negative, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O128:H2.

Sánchez S, Beristain X, Martínez R, García A, Martín C, Vidal D, Díaz-Sánchez S, Rey J, Alonso JM, Herrera-León S.

Vet Microbiol. 2012 Oct 12;159(3-4):531-5. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.04.036. Epub 2012 May 3.


Set of virulence genes and genetic relatedness of O113 : H21 Escherichia coli strains isolated from the animal reservoir and human infections in Brazil.

dos Santos LF, Irino K, Vaz TM, Guth BE.

J Med Microbiol. 2010 Jun;59(Pt 6):634-40. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.015263-0. Epub 2010 Mar 11.


Identification of the newly identified subtilase cytotoxin-encoding gene (subAB2-2) among clinical Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates.

Son HM, Duc HM, Honjoh K, Miyamoto T.

Can J Microbiol. 2015 Dec;61(12):990-4. doi: 10.1139/cjm-2015-0519. Epub 2015 Oct 21.


Subtilase cytotoxin produced by locus of enterocyte effacement-negative Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli induces stress granule formation.

Tsutsuki H, Yahiro K, Ogura K, Ichimura K, Iyoda S, Ohnishi M, Nagasawa S, Seto K, Moss J, Noda M.

Cell Microbiol. 2016 Jul;18(7):1024-40. doi: 10.1111/cmi.12565. Epub 2016 Feb 21.


Characteristics of O157 versus non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections in Minnesota, 2000-2006.

Hedican EB, Medus C, Besser JM, Juni BA, Koziol B, Taylor C, Smith KE.

Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Aug 1;49(3):358-64. doi: 10.1086/600302.


A dietary non-human sialic acid may facilitate hemolytic-uremic syndrome.

Löfling JC, Paton AW, Varki NM, Paton JC, Varki A.

Kidney Int. 2009 Jul;76(2):140-4. doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.131. Epub 2009 Apr 22. Review.


Infections in pediatric postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome: factors associated with identifying shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.

Mody RK, Luna-Gierke RE, Jones TF, Comstock N, Hurd S, Scheftel J, Lathrop S, Smith G, Palmer A, Strockbine N, Talkington D, Mahon BE, Hoekstra RM, Griffin PM.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Oct;166(10):902-9.


Distribution of virulence profiles related to new toxins and putative adhesins in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated from diverse sources in Brazil.

Cergole-Novella MC, Nishimura LS, Dos Santos LF, Irino K, Vaz TM, Bergamini AM, Guth BE.

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007 Sep;274(2):329-34. Epub 2007 Jul 25.


Production of the subtilase AB5 cytotoxin by Shiga toxin-negative Escherichia coli.

Tozzoli R, Caprioli A, Cappannella S, Michelacci V, Marziano ML, Morabito S.

J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Jan;48(1):178-83. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01648-09. Epub 2009 Nov 25.


The occurrence of subtilase-cytotoxin-encoding genes in environmental Escherichia coli isolated from a Northern California estuary.

Pereira Md, Byrne BA, Nguyen TB, Lewis DJ, Atwill ER.

Can J Microbiol. 2013 Jun;59(6):437-41. doi: 10.1139/cjm-2012-0606. Epub 2013 May 10.


Characterisation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 strains isolated from humans in Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.

Leotta GA, Miliwebsky ES, Chinen I, Espinosa EM, Azzopardi K, Tennant SM, Robins-Browne RM, Rivas M.

BMC Microbiol. 2008 Mar 17;8:46. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-8-46.


Two cases of non-O157:H7 Escherichia coli hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by urinary tract infection.

Hogan MC, Gloor JM, Uhl JR, Cockerill FR, Milliner DS.

Am J Kidney Dis. 2001 Oct;38(4):E22.


Subtilase cytotoxin-encoding subAB operon found exclusively among Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains.

Irino K, Vieira MA, Gomes TA, Guth BE, Naves ZV, Oliveira MG, dos Santos LF, Guirro M, Timm CD, Pigatto CP, Farah SM, Vaz TM.

J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Mar;48(3):988-90. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00010-10. Epub 2010 Jan 20.


The new allelic variant of the subtilase cytotoxin (subAB2) is common among Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains from large game animals and their meat and meat products.

Sánchez S, Díaz-Sánchez S, Martínez R, Llorente MT, Herrera-León S, Vidal D.

Vet Microbiol. 2013 Oct 25;166(3-4):645-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.06.031. Epub 2013 Jul 9.


Advances in pathogenesis and therapy of hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by Shiga toxin-2.

Ibarra C, Amaral MM, Palermo MS.

IUBMB Life. 2013 Oct;65(10):827-35. doi: 10.1002/iub.1206. Epub 2013 Sep 6. Review.

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