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HIV transmission from drug injectors to partners who do not inject, and beyond: modelling the potential for a generalized heterosexual epidemic in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Mills HL, White E, Colijn C, Vickerman P, Heimer R.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Nov 1;133(1):242-7. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.04.028. Epub 2013 May 18.


Unprotected sex in heterosexual partnerships of injecting drug users in st. Petersburg, Russia.

Gyarmathy VA, Li N, Tobin KE, Hoffman IF, Sokolov N, Levchenko J, Batluk J, Kozlov AA, Kozlov AP, Latkin CA.

AIDS Behav. 2011 Jan;15(1):58-64. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9721-0.


HIV prevalence and risk behavior among injection drug users and their sex partners in two Russian cities.

Eritsyan KU, Levina OS, White E, Smolskaya TT, Heimer R.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Apr;29(4):687-90. doi: 10.1089/AID.2012.0161. Epub 2012 Dec 18.


Risk for Heterosexual HIV Transmission Among Non-Injecting Female Partners of Injection Drug Users in Estonia.

Uusküla A, McMahon JM, Kals M, Talu A, Abel-Ollo K, Rüütel K, Des Jarlais DC.

AIDS Behav. 2013 Mar;17(3):879-88. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0078-9.


Comparing sexual risks and patterns of alcohol and drug use between injection drug users (IDUs) and non-IDUs who report sexual partnerships with IDUs in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Abdala N, White E, Toussova OV, Krasnoselskikh TV, Verevochkin S, Kozlov AP, Heimer R.

BMC Public Health. 2010 Nov 5;10:676. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-676.


Sexually transmitted infections, sexual risk behaviors and the risk of heterosexual spread of HIV among and beyond IDUs in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Abdala N, Krasnoselskikh TV, Durante AJ, Timofeeva MY, Verevochkin SV, Kozlov AP.

Eur Addict Res. 2008;14(1):19-25. doi: 10.1159/000110407. Epub 2008 Jan 7.


Sexual behaviour of heterosexual individuals with HIV infection naive for antiretroviral therapy in Italy.

Girardi E, Aloisi MS, Serraino D, Ferrara M, Lauria FN, Carballo M, d'Arminio Monforte A, Rezza G, Moroni M, Carosi G, Alessandrini A, Giacobbi D, Cremonini L, Ranieri S, Montroni M, Ippolito G; ICONA Study Group.

Sex Transm Infect. 2001 Apr;77(2):130-4.


HIV disclosure, condom use, and awareness of HIV infection among HIV-positive, heterosexual drug injectors in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Grau LE, White E, Niccolai LM, Toussova OV, Verevochkin SV, Kozlov AP, Heimer R.

AIDS Behav. 2011 Jan;15(1):45-57. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9775-z.


Agent-based and phylogenetic analyses reveal how HIV-1 moves between risk groups: injecting drug users sustain the heterosexual epidemic in Latvia.

Graw F, Leitner T, Ribeiro RM.

Epidemics. 2012 Jun;4(2):104-16. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2012.04.002. Epub 2012 May 2.


Potential bridges of heterosexual HIV transmission from drug users to the general population in St. Petersburg, Russia: is it easy to be a young female?

Toussova O, Shcherbakova I, Volkova G, Niccolai L, Heimer R, Kozlov A.

J Urban Health. 2009 Jul;86 Suppl 1:121-30. doi: 10.1007/s11524-009-9364-5. Epub 2009 Jun 16.


Condom use and partnership intimacy among drug injectors and their sexual partners in Estonia.

Uusküla A, Abel-Ollo K, Markina A, McNutt LA, Heimer R.

Sex Transm Infect. 2012 Feb;88(1):58-62. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2011-050195. Epub 2011 Nov 4.


HIV risk behaviors of male injecting drug users and associated non-condom use with regular female sexual partners in north-east India.

Mishra RK, Ganju D, Ramesh S, Lalmuanpuii M, Biangtung L, Humtsoe C, Saggurti N.

Harm Reduct J. 2014 Feb 13;11:5. doi: 10.1186/1477-7517-11-5.


HIV risks among injecting and non-injecting female partners of men who inject drugs in Almaty, Kazakhstan: implications for HIV prevention, research, and policy.

El-Bassel N, Gilbert L, Terlikbayeva A, Beyrer C, Wu E, Shaw SA, Ma X, Chang M, Hunt T, Ismayilova L, Primbetova S, Rozental Y, Zhussupov B.

Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Nov;25(6):1195-203. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.11.009. Epub 2013 Nov 23.


Age at first alcoholic drink as predictor of current HIV sexual risk behaviors among a sample of injection drug users (IDUs) and non-IDUs who are sexual partners of IDUs, in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Abdala N, Hansen NB, Toussova OV, Krasnoselskikh TV, Kozlov AP, Heimer R.

AIDS Behav. 2012 Aug;16(6):1597-604. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0013-0.


Estonia at the threshold of the fourth decade of the AIDS era in Europe.

Laisaar KT, Avi R, DeHovitz J, Uusküla A.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011 Aug;27(8):841-51. doi: 10.1089/AID.2010.0223. Epub 2011 Jan 11.


Is the HCV-HIV co-infection prevalence amongst injecting drug users a marker for the level of sexual and injection related HIV transmission?

Vickerman P, Martin NK, Roy A, Beattie T, Jarlais DD, Strathdee S, Wiessing L, Hickman M; EMCDDA Collaborative Group.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 1;132(1-2):172-81. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.020. Epub 2013 Feb 28.


Estimation of the number of injection drug users in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Heimer R, White E.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jun 1;109(1-3):79-83. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.12.010. Epub 2010 Jan 13.


Drug use and sexual risk behaviours among female Russian IDUs who exchange sex for money or drugs.

Benotsch EG, Somlai AM, Pinkerton SD, Kelly JA, Ostrovski D, Gore-Felton C, Kozlov AP.

Int J STD AIDS. 2004 May;15(5):343-7.


Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies to expand antiretroviral therapy in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Long EF, Brandeau ML, Galvin CM, Vinichenko T, Tole SP, Schwartz A, Sanders GD, Owens DK.

AIDS. 2006 Nov 14;20(17):2207-15.


Heterosexual HIV and sexual partnerships between injection drug users and noninjection drug users.

Jenness SM, Neaigus A, Hagan H, Murrill CS, Wendel T.

AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2010 Mar;24(3):175-81. doi: 10.1089/apc.2009.0227.


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