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Leucoagaricus gongylophorus produces diverse enzymes for the degradation of recalcitrant plant polymers in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens.

Aylward FO, Burnum-Johnson KE, Tringe SG, Teiling C, Tremmel DM, Moeller JA, Scott JJ, Barry KW, Piehowski PD, Nicora CD, Malfatti SA, Monroe ME, Purvine SO, Goodwin LA, Smith RD, Weinstock GM, Gerardo NM, Suen G, Lipton MS, Currie CR.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Jun;79(12):3770-8. doi: 10.1128/AEM.03833-12. Epub 2013 Apr 12.


Enrichment and Broad Representation of Plant Biomass-Degrading Enzymes in the Specialized Hyphal Swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the Fungal Symbiont of Leaf-Cutter Ants.

Aylward FO, Khadempour L, Tremmel DM, McDonald BR, Nicora CD, Wu S, Moore RJ, Orton DJ, Monroe ME, Piehowski PD, Purvine SO, Smith RD, Lipton MS, Burnum-Johnson KE, Currie CR.

PLoS One. 2015 Aug 28;10(8):e0134752. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134752. eCollection 2015. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2015;10(9):e0139151.


Ant mediated redistribution of a xyloglucanase enzyme in fungus gardens of Acromyrmex echinatior.

Kooij PW, Pullens JW, Boomsma JJ, Schiøtt M.

BMC Microbiol. 2016 May 6;16:81. doi: 10.1186/s12866-016-0697-4.


The fungal cultivar of leaf-cutter ants produces specific enzymes in response to different plant substrates.

Khadempour L, Burnum-Johnson KE, Baker ES, Nicora CD, Webb-Robertson BM, White RA 3rd, Monroe ME, Huang EL, Smith RD, Currie CR.

Mol Ecol. 2016 Nov;25(22):5795-5805. doi: 10.1111/mec.13872. Epub 2016 Oct 26.


The fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants undergo a distinct physiological transition during biomass degradation.

Huang EL, Aylward FO, Kim YM, Webb-Robertson BJ, Nicora CD, Hu Z, Metz TO, Lipton MS, Smith RD, Currie CR, Burnum-Johnson KE.

Environ Microbiol Rep. 2014 Aug;6(4):389-95. doi: 10.1111/1758-2229.12163. Epub 2014 Apr 27.


Metagenomic and metaproteomic insights into bacterial communities in leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens.

Aylward FO, Burnum KE, Scott JJ, Suen G, Tringe SG, Adams SM, Barry KW, Nicora CD, Piehowski PD, Purvine SO, Starrett GJ, Goodwin LA, Smith RD, Lipton MS, Currie CR.

ISME J. 2012 Sep;6(9):1688-701. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2012.10. Epub 2012 Mar 1.


The Evolutionary Innovation of Nutritional Symbioses in Leaf-Cutter Ants.

Aylward FO, Currie CR, Suen G.

Insects. 2012 Jan 6;3(1):41-61. doi: 10.3390/insects3010041. Review.


The fungal symbiont of Acromyrmex leaf-cutting ants expresses the full spectrum of genes to degrade cellulose and other plant cell wall polysaccharides.

Grell MN, Linde T, Nygaard S, Nielsen KL, Boomsma JJ, Lange L.

BMC Genomics. 2013 Dec 28;14:928. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-14-928.


Growth and enzymatic activity of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, a mutualistic fungus isolated from the leaf-cutting ant Atta mexicana, on cellulose and lignocellulosic biomass.

Vigueras G, Paredes-Hernández D, Revah S, Valenzuela J, Olivares-Hernández R, Le Borgne S.

Lett Appl Microbiol. 2017 Aug;65(2):173-181. doi: 10.1111/lam.12759. Epub 2017 Jul 4.


Laccase detoxification mediates the nutritional alliance between leaf-cutting ants and fungus-garden symbionts.

De Fine Licht HH, Schiøtt M, Rogowska-Wrzesinska A, Nygaard S, Roepstorff P, Boomsma JJ.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 8;110(2):583-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1212709110. Epub 2012 Dec 24.


Ultrastructural and microbial analyses of cellulose degradation in leaf-cutter ant colonies.

Moreira-Soto RD, Sanchez E, Currie CR, Pinto-Tomás AA.

Microbiology. 2017 Nov;163(11):1578-1589. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.000546. Epub 2017 Oct 16.


Microbial community structure of leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens and refuse dumps.

Scott JJ, Budsberg KJ, Suen G, Wixon DL, Balser TC, Currie CR.

PLoS One. 2010 Mar 29;5(3):e9922. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009922.


Ant-fungus species combinations engineer physiological activity of fungus gardens.

Seal JN, Schiøtt M, Mueller UG.

J Exp Biol. 2014 Jul 15;217(Pt 14):2540-7. doi: 10.1242/jeb.098483. Epub 2014 May 6.


Leucoagaricus gongylophorus uses leaf-cutting ants to vector proteolytic enzymes towards new plant substrate.

Kooij PW, Rogowska-Wrzesinska A, Hoffmann D, Roepstorff P, Boomsma JJ, Schiøtt M.

ISME J. 2014 May;8(5):1032-40. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2013.231. Epub 2014 Jan 9.


A Brazilian population of the asexual fungus-growing ant Mycocepurus smithii (Formicidae, Myrmicinae, Attini) cultivates fungal symbionts with gongylidia-like structures.

Masiulionis VE, Rabeling C, De Fine Licht HH, Schultz T, Bacci M Jr, Bezerra CM, Pagnocca FC.

PLoS One. 2014 Aug 7;9(8):e103800. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103800. eCollection 2014.


Evolutionary transitions in enzyme activity of ant fungus gardens.

De Fine Licht HH, Schiøtt M, Mueller UG, Boomsma JJ.

Evolution. 2010 Jul;64(7):2055-69. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00948.x. Epub 2010 Jan 11.


Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in the fungus gardens of leaf-cutter ants.

Pinto-Tomás AA, Anderson MA, Suen G, Stevenson DM, Chu FS, Cleland WW, Weimer PJ, Currie CR.

Science. 2009 Nov 20;326(5956):1120-3. doi: 10.1126/science.1173036.


Leaf-cutter ant fungus gardens are biphasic mixed microbial bioreactors that convert plant biomass to polyols with biotechnological applications.

Somera AF, Lima AM, Dos Santos-Neto ÁJ, Lanças FM, Bacci M Jr.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Jul;81(13):4525-35. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00046-15. Epub 2015 Apr 24.


The prominent role of fungi and fungal enzymes in the ant-fungus biomass conversion symbiosis.

Lange L, Grell MN.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014 Jun;98(11):4839-51. doi: 10.1007/s00253-014-5708-5. Epub 2014 Apr 15. Review.


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