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Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells decrease transforming growth factor β1 expression in microglia/macrophages and down-regulate plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 expression in astrocytes after stroke.

Xin H, Chopp M, Shen LH, Zhang RL, Zhang L, Zhang ZG, Li Y.

Neurosci Lett. 2013 May 10;542:81-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.02.046. Epub 2013 Mar 7.


Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells increase tPA expression and concomitantly decrease PAI-1 expression in astrocytes through the sonic hedgehog signaling pathway after stroke (in vitro study).

Xin H, Li Y, Shen LH, Liu X, Hozeska-Solgot A, Zhang RL, Zhang ZG, Chopp M.

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2011 Nov;31(11):2181-8. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2011.116. Epub 2011 Aug 10.


Increasing tPA activity in astrocytes induced by multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells facilitate neurite outgrowth after stroke in the mouse.

Xin H, Li Y, Shen LH, Liu X, Wang X, Zhang J, Pourabdollah-Nejad D S, Zhang C, Zhang L, Jiang H, Zhang ZG, Chopp M.

PLoS One. 2010 Feb 3;5(2):e9027. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009027.


The sonic hedgehog pathway mediates brain plasticity and subsequent functional recovery after bone marrow stromal cell treatment of stroke in mice.

Ding X, Li Y, Liu Z, Zhang J, Cui Y, Chen X, Chopp M.

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013 Jul;33(7):1015-24. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2013.50. Epub 2013 Apr 3.


Biphasic regulation of tissue plasminogen activator activity in ischemic rat brain and in cultured neural cells: essential role of astrocyte-derived plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

Kim JW, Lee SH, Ko HM, Kwon KJ, Cho KS, Choi CS, Park JH, Kim HY, Lee J, Han SH, Ignarro LJ, Cheong JH, Kim WK, Shin CY.

Neurochem Int. 2011 Feb;58(3):423-33. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2010.12.020. Epub 2010 Dec 28.


Activated microglia in a rat stroke model express NG2 proteoglycan in peri-infarct tissue through the involvement of TGF-β1.

Sugimoto K, Nishioka R, Ikeda A, Mise A, Takahashi H, Yano H, Kumon Y, Ohnishi T, Tanaka J.

Glia. 2014 Feb;62(2):185-98. doi: 10.1002/glia.22598. Epub 2013 Dec 6.


Regulation of tissue plasminogen activator/plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 by hydrocortisone in rat primary astrocytes.

Kwon KJ, Cho KS, Lee SH, Kim JN, Joo SH, Ryu JH, Ignarro LJ, Han SH, Shin CY.

J Neurosci Res. 2011 Jul;89(7):1059-69. doi: 10.1002/jnr.22619. Epub 2011 Mar 15.


Inhibition of TGFbeta1-mediated PAI-1 induction by oltipraz through selective interruption of Smad 3 activation.

Cho IJ, Kim SH, Kim SG.

Cytokine. 2006 Sep;35(5-6):284-94. Epub 2006 Nov 13.


Astrocytic transforming growth factor-beta signaling reduces subacute neuroinflammation after stroke in mice.

Cekanaviciute E, Fathali N, Doyle KP, Williams AM, Han J, Buckwalter MS.

Glia. 2014 Aug;62(8):1227-40. doi: 10.1002/glia.22675. Epub 2014 Apr 15.


Angiopoietin1/Tie2 and VEGF/Flk1 induced by MSC treatment amplifies angiogenesis and vascular stabilization after stroke.

Zacharek A, Chen J, Cui X, Li A, Li Y, Roberts C, Feng Y, Gao Q, Chopp M.

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2007 Oct;27(10):1684-91. Epub 2007 Mar 14.


Protection of ischemic brain cells is dependent on astrocyte-derived growth factors and their receptors.

Lin CH, Cheng FC, Lu YZ, Chu LF, Wang CH, Hsueh CM.

Exp Neurol. 2006 Sep;201(1):225-33.


Valproic acid induces astrocyte-dependent neurite outgrowth from cultured rat primary cortical neuron via modulation of tPA/PAI-1 activity.

Cho KS, Kwon KJ, Choi CS, Jeon SJ, Kim KC, Park JH, Ko HM, Lee SH, Cheong JH, Ryu JH, Han SH, Shin CY.

Glia. 2013 May;61(5):694-709. doi: 10.1002/glia.22463. Epub 2013 Feb 4.


Mesenchymal stem cells ameliorate experimental peritoneal fibrosis by suppressing inflammation and inhibiting TGF-β1 signaling.

Ueno T, Nakashima A, Doi S, Kawamoto T, Honda K, Yokoyama Y, Doi T, Higashi Y, Yorioka N, Kato Y, Kohno N, Masaki T.

Kidney Int. 2013 Aug;84(2):297-307. doi: 10.1038/ki.2013.81. Epub 2013 Mar 13.


Microglia and macrophages are major sources of locally produced transforming growth factor-beta1 after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.

Lehrmann E, Kiefer R, Christensen T, Toyka KV, Zimmer J, Diemer NH, Hartung HP, Finsen B.

Glia. 1998 Dec;24(4):437-48.


Transforming growth factor-beta1 as a regulator of the serpins/t-PA axis in cerebral ischemia.

Docagne F, Nicole O, Marti HH, MacKenzie ET, Buisson A, Vivien D.

FASEB J. 1999 Aug;13(11):1315-24.


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