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Does nuclear tissue infected with bacteria following disc herniations lead to Modic changes in the adjacent vertebrae?

Albert HB, Lambert P, Rollason J, Sorensen JS, Worthington T, Pedersen MB, Nørgaard HS, Vernallis A, Busch F, Manniche C, Elliott T.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Apr;22(4):690-6. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2674-z. Epub 2013 Feb 10.


Is low back pain after disc herniation with Modic Type 1 changes a low-grade infection?

Aebi M.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Apr;22(4):689. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2736-2. Epub 2013 Mar 8. No abstract available.


Modic changes, possible causes and relation to low back pain.

Albert HB, Kjaer P, Jensen TS, Sorensen JS, Bendix T, Manniche C.

Med Hypotheses. 2008;70(2):361-8. Epub 2007 Jul 10.


The two papers of Hanne Albert et al. about Modic I changes of the vertebra published in the European Spine Journal of April 2013. Editorial.

Aebi M.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Aug;22(8):1693. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2911-5. Epub 2013 Jul 25. No abstract available.


No conflict of interest?

Dean BJ, Davies BM.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Aug;22(8):1700. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2899-x. Epub 2013 Jul 13. No abstract available.


Backache and infection.

Shubhakaran K, Khichar RJ.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Oct;22(10):2348. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2978-z. Epub 2013 Aug 28. No abstract available.


Antibiotics for low back pain?

Lings S.

Eur Spine J. 2014 Feb;23(2):469-72. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2977-0. Epub 2013 Aug 29. No abstract available.


Antibiotics a cure for back pain, a false dawn or a new era?

O'Dowd J, Casey A.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Aug;22(8):1694-7. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2893-3. Epub 2013 Jul 12. No abstract available.


Answer to the Editorial of J. O'Dowd and A. Casey.

Albert HB.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Aug;22(8):1698-9. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2914-2. Epub 2013 Jul 20. No abstract available.


From narcotics to antibiotics: evolving concepts in the treatment of lower back pain.

Almefty KK, Turner JD, Theodore N.

World Neurosurg. 2013 Nov;80(5):442-3. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2013.09.010. Epub 2013 Sep 12. No abstract available.


Propionibacterium acnes, Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcus, and the "Biofilm-like" Intervertebral Disc.

Coscia MF, Denys GA, Wack MF.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Dec 15;41(24):1860-1865.


Relationship between annular tear and presence of Propionibacterium acnes in lumbar intervertebral disc.

Zhou Z, Chen Z, Zheng Y, Cao P, Liang Y, Zhang X, Wu W, Xiao J, Qiu S.

Eur Spine J. 2015 Nov;24(11):2496-502. doi: 10.1007/s00586-015-4180-y. Epub 2015 Aug 19.


Propionibacterium acnes biofilm is present in intervertebral discs of patients undergoing microdiscectomy.

Capoor MN, Ruzicka F, Schmitz JE, James GA, Machackova T, Jancalek R, Smrcka M, Lipina R, Ahmed FS, Alamin TF, Anand N, Baird JC, Bhatia N, Demir-Deviren S, Eastlack RK, Fisher S, Garfin SR, Gogia JS, Gokaslan ZL, Kuo CC, Lee YP, Mavrommatis K, Michu E, Noskova H, Raz A, Sana J, Shamie AN, Stewart PS, Stonemetz JL, Wang JC, Witham TF, Coscia MF, Birkenmaier C, Fischetti VA, Slaby O.

PLoS One. 2017 Apr 3;12(4):e0174518. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174518. eCollection 2017.


Spontaneous resorption of lumbar disc herniation is less likely when modic changes are present.

Shan Z, Fan S, Xie Q, Suyou L, Liu J, Wang C, Zhao F.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Apr 20;39(9):736-44. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000259.


Bacteriologic culture of excised intervertebral disc from immunocompetent patients undergoing single level primary lumbar microdiscectomy.

Agarwal V, Golish SR, Alamin TF.

J Spinal Disord Tech. 2011 Aug;24(6):397-400. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e3182019f3a.


Modic changes in the adjacent vertebrae due to disc material infection with Propionibacterium acnes in patients with lumbar disc herniation.

Aghazadeh J, Salehpour F, Ziaeii E, Javanshir N, Samadi A, Sadeghi J, Mirzaei F, Naseri Alavi SA.

Eur Spine J. 2016 Nov 24. [Epub ahead of print]


Antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and vertebral bone edema (Modic type 1 changes): a double-blind randomized clinical controlled trial of efficacy.

Albert HB, Sorensen JS, Christensen BS, Manniche C.

Eur Spine J. 2013 Apr;22(4):697-707. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2675-y. Epub 2013 Feb 13.


Propionibacterium acnes infected intervertebral discs cause vertebral bone marrow lesions consistent with Modic changes.

Dudli S, Liebenberg E, Magnitsky S, Miller S, Demir-Deviren S, Lotz JC.

J Orthop Res. 2016 Aug;34(8):1447-55. doi: 10.1002/jor.23265. Epub 2016 Aug 3.


Association Between Lumbar Disc Degeneration and Propionibacterium acnes Infection: Clinical Research and Preliminary Exploration of Animal Experiment.

Li B, Dong Z, Wu Y, Zeng J, Zheng Q, Xiao B, Cai X, Xiao Z.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jul 1;41(13):E764-9. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001383.


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