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Is there a typical germinal center? A large-scale immunohistological study on the cellular composition of germinal centers during the hapten-carrier-driven primary immune response in mice.

Wittenbrink N, Klein A, Weiser AA, Schuchhardt J, Or-Guil M.

J Immunol. 2011 Dec 15;187(12):6185-96. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1101440. Epub 2011 Nov 18.


Broad volume distributions indicate nonsynchronized growth and suggest sudden collapses of germinal center B cell populations.

Wittenbrink N, Weber TS, Klein A, Weiser AA, Zuschratter W, Sibila M, Schuchhardt J, Or-Guil M.

J Immunol. 2010 Feb 1;184(3):1339-47. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0901040. Epub 2010 Jan 6.


The dynamic structure of the germinal center.

Camacho SA, Kosco-Vilbois MH, Berek C.

Immunol Today. 1998 Nov;19(11):511-4.


Augmented antibody response with premature germinal center regression in CD40L transgenic mice.

Kishi Y, Aiba Y, Higuchi T, Furukawa K, Tokuhisa T, Takemori T, Tsubata T.

J Immunol. 2010 Jul 1;185(1):211-9. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0901694. Epub 2010 May 26.


Characteristic cellular composition of germinal centers.

Imamura K, Yasuda M, Riwar B, Inui S, Ekino S.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009 Sep;32(5):419-28. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2007.12.002. Epub 2008 Mar 4.


Analysis of B cell selection in the germinal center reaction during a T-dependent antibody response at a single cell level.

Okazawa T, Magari M, Kimoto T, Kouyama E, Ohmori H, Kanayama N.

Immunol Lett. 2008 Apr 15;117(1):96-105. doi: 10.1016/j.imlet.2008.01.002. Epub 2008 Feb 4.


Immunobiology of chicken germinal center: II. Accumulation of apoptotic cells within the germinal center.

Yasuda M, Horiuch H, Matsuda H, Furusawa S.

Cell Tissue Res. 2003 Nov;314(2):215-21. Epub 2003 Sep 12.


Identification of murine germinal center B cell subsets defined by the expression of surface isotypes and differentiation antigens.

Shinall SM, Gonzalez-Fernandez M, Noelle RJ, Waldschmidt TJ.

J Immunol. 2000 Jun 1;164(11):5729-38.


The germinal center response is impaired in the absence of T cell-expressed CXCR5.

Arnold CN, Campbell DJ, Lipp M, Butcher EC.

Eur J Immunol. 2007 Jan;37(1):100-9.


Sites of specific B cell activation in primary and secondary responses to T cell-dependent and T cell-independent antigens.

Liu YJ, Zhang J, Lane PJ, Chan EY, MacLennan IC.

Eur J Immunol. 1991 Dec;21(12):2951-62. Erratum in: Eur J Immunol 1992 Feb;22(2):615.


Accumulation of somatic hypermutation and antigen-driven selection in rapidly cycling surface Ig+ germinal center (GC) B cells which occupy GC at a high frequency during the primary anti-hapten response in mice.

Kimoto H, Nagaoka H, Adachi Y, Mizuochi T, Azuma T, Yagi T, Sata T, Yonehara S, Tsunetsugu-Yokota Y, Taniguchi M, Takemori T.

Eur J Immunol. 1997 Jan;27(1):268-79.


Fibrinogen is localized on dark zone follicular dendritic cells in vivo and enhances the proliferation and survival of a centroblastic cell line in vitro.

Lefevre EA, Hein WR, Stamataki Z, Brackenbury LS, Supple EA, Hunt LG, Monaghan P, Borhis G, Richard Y, Charleston B.

J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Sep;82(3):666-77. Epub 2007 Jun 5. Erratum in: J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Nov;82(5):1361.


In situ observation of germinal center cell apoptosis during a secondary immune response.

Saitoh HA, Maeda K, Yamakawa M.

J Clin Exp Hematop. 2006 Nov;46(2):73-82.


Commitment of B lymphocytes to a plasma cell fate is associated with Blimp-1 expression in vivo.

Angelin-Duclos C, Cattoretti G, Lin KI, Calame K.

J Immunol. 2000 Nov 15;165(10):5462-71.


FAS is highly expressed in the germinal center but is not required for regulation of the B-cell response to antigen.

Smith KG, Nossal GJ, Tarlinton DM.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Dec 5;92(25):11628-32.


Development and maintenance of a B220- memory B cell compartment.

Driver DJ, McHeyzer-Williams LJ, Cool M, Stetson DB, McHeyzer-Williams MG.

J Immunol. 2001 Aug 1;167(3):1393-405.


Sonic hedgehog is produced by follicular dendritic cells and protects germinal center B cells from apoptosis.

Sacedón R, Díez B, Nuñez V, Hernández-López C, Gutierrez-Frías C, Cejalvo T, Outram SV, Crompton T, Zapata AG, Vicente A, Varas A.

J Immunol. 2005 Feb 1;174(3):1456-61.


Relaxed negative selection in germinal centers and impaired affinity maturation in bcl-xL transgenic mice.

Takahashi Y, Cerasoli DM, Dal Porto JM, Shimoda M, Freund R, Fang W, Telander DG, Malvey EN, Mueller DL, Behrens TW, Kelsoe G.

J Exp Med. 1999 Aug 2;190(3):399-410.

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