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Items: 1 to 20 of 192

1.

Cocoa flavanols lower vascular arginase activity in human endothelial cells in vitro and in erythrocytes in vivo.

Schnorr O, Brossette T, Momma TY, Kleinbongard P, Keen CL, Schroeter H, Sies H.

Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008 Aug 15;476(2):211-5. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2008.02.040. Epub 2008 Mar 6.

PMID:
18348861
2.

Chronic consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa improves endothelial function and decreases vascular cell adhesion molecule in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.

Wang-Polagruto JF, Villablanca AC, Polagruto JA, Lee L, Holt RR, Schrader HR, Ensunsa JL, Steinberg FM, Schmitz HH, Keen CL.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2006;47 Suppl 2:S177-86; discussion S206-9.

PMID:
16794456
3.

Sustained benefits in vascular function through flavanol-containing cocoa in medicated diabetic patients a double-masked, randomized, controlled trial.

Balzer J, Rassaf T, Heiss C, Kleinbongard P, Lauer T, Merx M, Heussen N, Gross HB, Keen CL, Schroeter H, Kelm M.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Jun 3;51(22):2141-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2008.01.059.

4.

Cocoa flavanols and platelet and leukocyte function: recent in vitro and ex vivo studies in healthy adults.

Heptinstall S, May J, Fox S, Kwik-Uribe C, Zhao L.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2006;47 Suppl 2:S197-205; discussion S206-9.

PMID:
16794458
5.

Flavanol-rich cocoa induces nitric-oxide-dependent vasodilation in healthy humans.

Fisher ND, Hughes M, Gerhard-Herman M, Hollenberg NK.

J Hypertens. 2003 Dec;21(12):2281-6.

PMID:
14654748
6.

Sustained increase in flow-mediated dilation after daily intake of high-flavanol cocoa drink over 1 week.

Heiss C, Finis D, Kleinbongard P, Hoffmann A, Rassaf T, Kelm M, Sies H.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2007 Feb;49(2):74-80.

PMID:
17312446
7.

Influence of cocoa flavanols and procyanidins on free radical-induced human erythrocyte hemolysis.

Zhu QY, Schramm DD, Gross HB, Holt RR, Kim SH, Yamaguchi T, Kwik-Uribe CL, Keen CL.

Clin Dev Immunol. 2005 Mar;12(1):27-34.

8.

Acute and chronic effects of flavanol-rich cocoa on vascular function in subjects with coronary artery disease: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study.

Farouque HM, Leung M, Hope SA, Baldi M, Schechter C, Cameron JD, Meredith IT.

Clin Sci (Lond). 2006 Jul;111(1):71-80.

PMID:
16551272
9.

How do dietary flavanols improve vascular function? A position paper.

Schewe T, Steffen Y, Sies H.

Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008 Aug 15;476(2):102-6. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2008.03.004. Epub 2008 Mar 10.

PMID:
18358827
10.

Procyanidin dimer B2 [epicatechin-(4beta-8)-epicatechin] in human plasma after the consumption of a flavanol-rich cocoa.

Holt RR, Lazarus SA, Sullards MC, Zhu QY, Schramm DD, Hammerstone JF, Fraga CG, Schmitz HH, Keen CL.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Oct;76(4):798-804.

PMID:
12324293
11.

Impact of cocoa flavanol consumption on blood pressure responsiveness to exercise.

Berry NM, Davison K, Coates AM, Buckley JD, Howe PR.

Br J Nutr. 2010 May;103(10):1480-4. doi: 10.1017/S0007114509993382. Epub 2010 Jan 19.

PMID:
20082737
12.

Aging and vascular responses to flavanol-rich cocoa.

Fisher ND, Hollenberg NK.

J Hypertens. 2006 Aug;24(8):1575-80.

PMID:
16877960
13.

Effect of cocoa flavanols and exercise on cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight and obese subjects.

Davison K, Coates AM, Buckley JD, Howe PR.

Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Aug;32(8):1289-96. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2008.66. Epub 2008 May 27.

PMID:
18504447
14.

The effect of flavanol-rich cocoa on the fMRI response to a cognitive task in healthy young people.

Francis ST, Head K, Morris PG, Macdonald IA.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2006;47 Suppl 2:S215-20.

PMID:
16794461
15.

(-)-Epicatechin mediates beneficial effects of flavanol-rich cocoa on vascular function in humans.

Schroeter H, Heiss C, Balzer J, Kleinbongard P, Keen CL, Hollenberg NK, Sies H, Kwik-Uribe C, Schmitz HH, Kelm M.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jan 24;103(4):1024-9. Epub 2006 Jan 17.

16.

Acute consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa and the reversal of endothelial dysfunction in smokers.

Heiss C, Kleinbongard P, Dejam A, Perré S, Schroeter H, Sies H, Kelm M.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 4;46(7):1276-83.

17.

Cocoa consumption for 2 wk enhances insulin-mediated vasodilatation without improving blood pressure or insulin resistance in essential hypertension.

Muniyappa R, Hall G, Kolodziej TL, Karne RJ, Crandon SK, Quon MJ.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Dec;88(6):1685-96. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2008.26457.

18.

Methylxanthines enhance the effects of cocoa flavanols on cardiovascular function: randomized, double-masked controlled studies.

Sansone R, Ottaviani JI, Rodriguez-Mateos A, Heinen Y, Noske D, Spencer JP, Crozier A, Merx MW, Kelm M, Schroeter H, Heiss C.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Feb;105(2):352-360. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.140046. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

PMID:
28003203
19.

Effects of cocoa flavanols on risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

Erdman JW Jr, Carson L, Kwik-Uribe C, Evans EM, Allen RR.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17 Suppl 1:284-7. Review.

20.

Improvement of endothelial function with dietary flavanols is associated with mobilization of circulating angiogenic cells in patients with coronary artery disease.

Heiss C, Jahn S, Taylor M, Real WM, Angeli FS, Wong ML, Amabile N, Prasad M, Rassaf T, Ottaviani JI, Mihardja S, Keen CL, Springer ML, Boyle A, Grossman W, Glantz SA, Schroeter H, Yeghiazarians Y.

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Jul 13;56(3):218-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.03.039.

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