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Items: 1 to 20 of 118

1.

An epidemic, toxin gene-variant strain of Clostridium difficile.

McDonald LC, Killgore GE, Thompson A, Owens RC Jr, Kazakova SV, Sambol SP, Johnson S, Gerding DN.

N Engl J Med. 2005 Dec 8;353(23):2433-41. Epub 2005 Dec 1.

2.

Toxin production by an emerging strain of Clostridium difficile associated with outbreaks of severe disease in North America and Europe.

Warny M, Pepin J, Fang A, Killgore G, Thompson A, Brazier J, Frost E, McDonald LC.

Lancet. 2005 Sep 24-30;366(9491):1079-84.

PMID:
16182895
3.

Comparison of strain typing results for Clostridium difficile isolates from North America.

Tenover FC, Akerlund T, Gerding DN, Goering RV, Boström T, Jonsson AM, Wong E, Wortman AT, Persing DH.

J Clin Microbiol. 2011 May;49(5):1831-7. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02446-10. Epub 2011 Mar 9.

4.

Comparison of seven techniques for typing international epidemic strains of Clostridium difficile: restriction endonuclease analysis, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, PCR-ribotyping, multilocus sequence typing, multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis, amplified fragment length polymorphism, and surface layer protein A gene sequence typing.

Killgore G, Thompson A, Johnson S, Brazier J, Kuijper E, Pepin J, Frost EH, Savelkoul P, Nicholson B, van den Berg RJ, Kato H, Sambol SP, Zukowski W, Woods C, Limbago B, Gerding DN, McDonald LC.

J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Feb;46(2):431-7. Epub 2007 Nov 26.

5.

Lack of association between clinical outcome of Clostridium difficile infections, strain type, and virulence-associated phenotypes.

Sirard S, Valiquette L, Fortier LC.

J Clin Microbiol. 2011 Dec;49(12):4040-6. doi: 10.1128/JCM.05053-11. Epub 2011 Sep 28.

6.

A predominantly clonal multi-institutional outbreak of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea with high morbidity and mortality.

Loo VG, Poirier L, Miller MA, Oughton M, Libman MD, Michaud S, Bourgault AM, Nguyen T, Frenette C, Kelly M, Vibien A, Brassard P, Fenn S, Dewar K, Hudson TJ, Horn R, René P, Monczak Y, Dascal A.

N Engl J Med. 2005 Dec 8;353(23):2442-9. Epub 2005 Dec 1. Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2006 May 18;354(20):2200.

7.

tcdC genotypes associated with severe TcdC truncation in an epidemic clone and other strains of Clostridium difficile.

Curry SR, Marsh JW, Muto CA, O'Leary MM, Pasculle AW, Harrison LH.

J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jan;45(1):215-21. Epub 2006 Oct 11. Erratum in: J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jun;45(6):2103.

8.

A portrait of the geographic dissemination of the Clostridium difficile North American pulsed-field type 1 strain and the epidemiology of C. difficile-associated disease in Québec.

Hubert B, Loo VG, Bourgault AM, Poirier L, Dascal A, Fortin E, Dionne M, Lorange M.

Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 15;44(2):238-44. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

PMID:
17173224
9.

Spread of epidemic Clostridium difficile NAP1/027 in Latin America: case reports in Panama.

López-Ureña D, Quesada-Gómez C, Miranda E, Fonseca M, Rodríguez-Cavallini E.

J Med Microbiol. 2014 Feb;63(Pt 2):322-4. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.066399-0. Epub 2013 Nov 28.

PMID:
24287669
10.

Emergence of an outbreak-associated Clostridium difficile variant with increased virulence.

Quesada-Gómez C, López-Ureña D, Acuña-Amador L, Villalobos-Zúñiga M, Du T, Freire R, Guzmán-Verri C, del Mar Gamboa-Coronado M, Lawley TD, Moreno E, Mulvey MR, de Castro Brito GA, Rodríguez-Cavallini E, Rodríguez C, Chaves-Olarte E.

J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Apr;53(4):1216-26. doi: 10.1128/JCM.03058-14. Epub 2015 Feb 4.

11.

Distribution of Clostridium difficile variant toxinotypes and strains with binary toxin genes among clinical isolates in an American hospital.

Geric B, Rupnik M, Gerding DN, Grabnar M, Johnson S.

J Med Microbiol. 2004 Sep;53(Pt 9):887-94.

PMID:
15314196
12.

A hospital outbreak of Clostridium difficile disease associated with isolates carrying binary toxin genes.

McEllistrem MC, Carman RJ, Gerding DN, Genheimer CW, Zheng L.

Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Jan 15;40(2):265-72. Epub 2004 Dec 15.

PMID:
15655746
13.

U.S.-Based National Sentinel Surveillance Study for the Epidemiology of Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrheal Isolates and Their Susceptibility to Fidaxomicin.

Snydman DR, McDermott LA, Jacobus NV, Thorpe C, Stone S, Jenkins SG, Goldstein EJ, Patel R, Forbes BA, Mirrett S, Johnson S, Gerding DN.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Oct;59(10):6437-43. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00845-15. Epub 2015 Aug 3.

14.

Predicting recurrence of C. difficile colitis using bacterial virulence factors: binary toxin is the key.

Stewart DB, Berg A, Hegarty J.

J Gastrointest Surg. 2013 Jan;17(1):118-24; discussion p.124-5. doi: 10.1007/s11605-012-2056-6. Epub 2012 Oct 20.

PMID:
23086451
15.

Detection of virulence genes of Clostridium difficile by multiplex PCR.

Antikainen J, Pasanen T, Mero S, Tarkka E, Kirveskari J, Kotila S, Mentula S, Könönen E, Virolainen-Julkunen AR, Vaara M, Tissari P.

APMIS. 2009 Aug;117(8):607-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0463.2009.02509.x.

PMID:
19664132
16.

Clostridium difficile infection caused by the epidemic BI/NAP1/027 strain.

O'Connor JR, Johnson S, Gerding DN.

Gastroenterology. 2009 May;136(6):1913-24. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.02.073. Epub 2009 May 7. Review. Erratum in: Gastroenterology. 2009 Aug;137(2):743.

PMID:
19457419
17.

Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the tcdC gene and presence of the binary toxin gene predict recurrent episodes of Clostridium difficile infection.

Stewart DB, Berg AS, Hegarty JP.

Ann Surg. 2014 Aug;260(2):299-304. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000000469.

PMID:
24374512
18.

Relapse versus reinfection: recurrent Clostridium difficile infection following treatment with fidaxomicin or vancomycin.

Figueroa I, Johnson S, Sambol SP, Goldstein EJ, Citron DM, Gerding DN.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Aug;55 Suppl 2:S104-9. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis357.

19.

Lack of association of tcdC type and binary toxin status with disease severity and outcome in toxigenic Clostridium difficile.

Goldenberg SD, French GL.

J Infect. 2011 May;62(5):355-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2011.03.001. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

PMID:
21396957
20.

Rapid spread of Clostridium difficile NAP1/027/ST1 in Chile confirms the emergence of the epidemic strain in Latin America.

Aguayo C, Flores R, Lévesque S, Araya P, Ulloa S, Lagos J, Hormazabal JC, Tognarelli J, Ibáñez D, Pidal P, Duery O, Olivares B, Fernández J.

Epidemiol Infect. 2015 Oct;143(14):3069-73. doi: 10.1017/S0950268815000023. Epub 2015 Feb 17.

PMID:
25687254

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