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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1995 Nov;42(11):1117-27.

Neural network control of functional neuromuscular stimulation systems: computer simulation studies.

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Biomedical Engineering Program, Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064, USA.


A neural network control system has been designed for the control of cyclic movements in Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation (FNS) systems. The design directly addresses three major problems in FNS control systems: customization of control system parameters for a particular individual, adaptation during operation to account for changes in the musculoskeletal system, and attaining resistance to mechanical disturbances. The control system was implemented by a two-stage neural network that utilizes a combination of adaptive feedforward and feedback control techniques. A new learning algorithm was developed to provide rapid customization and adaptation. The control system was evaluated in a series of studies on a computer simulated musculoskeletal model. The model of electrically stimulated muscle used in the study included nonlinear recruitment, linear dynamics, and multiplicative nonlinear torque-angle and torque-velocity scaling factors. The skeletal model consisted of a one-segment planar system with passive constraints on joint movement. Results of the evaluation have demonstrated that the control system can provide automated customization of the feedforward controller parameters for a given musculoskeletal system. It can account for changes in the musculoskeletal system by adapting the feedforward controller parameters on-line and it can resist the effects of mechanical disturbances. These results suggest that this design may be suitable for the control of FNS systems and other dynamic systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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