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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2020 Mar;26(2):265-273. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2019.88472.

Acetabular fractures treated surgically: Which of the parameters affect prognosis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Silifke State Hospital, Mersin-Turkey.
2
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Elmalı State Hospital, Antalya-Turkey.
3
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa-Turkey.
4
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine, Antalya-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aims to evaluate the surgical approaches, complications, clinical and radiological findings in acetabular fractures treated with surgical methods and to determine the parameters affecting prognosis.

METHODS:

Out of 144 patients undergone surgical treatment with the diagnosis of displaced acetabular fractures between 1994 and 2014, a total of 103 patients with 75 male and 28 female with a mean age of 36.3 years (range 19-67 years) whom clinical and radiologic follow-ups (mean: 34 months, range 2-8 years) were performed at least for two years were included in this study.

RESULTS:

Clinically excellent to good outcomes were obtained in 64% of the patients and moderate to poor outcomes were recorded in 36% of the patients, while radiologically excellent to good outcomes were achieved in 57.3%of the patients and moderate to poor outcomes were recorded in 42.7% of the patients. Presence of one of the complications, creating mechanical block (chi-square p<0.001), complex fractures (chi-square p=0.023), increased duration between trauma and operation (p=0.039), operational time taking longer than six hours (chi-square p<0.001), more than 3 mm intra-articular step (Fisher's p=0.033), avascular necrosis (p<0.001), arthritis (p=0.006) and heterotopic ossification (p=0.007) worsened the clinical outcomes (chi-square p<0.001). The age of the patient was not effective on the clinical outcome (p=0.461).

CONCLUSION:

It was found that three major parameters affecting the prognosis of acetabular fractures are as follows: type of fracture, operational time and reduction quality. The duration between trauma and operation indirectly affects the outcomes. Avascular necrosis, heterotopic ossification and arthritis may cause negative effects only on long term outcomes.

PMID:
32185778
DOI:
10.14744/tjtes.2019.88472
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