Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2020 Jan;26(1):80-85. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2019.82930.

Factors affecting mortality in patients with traumatic diaphragmatic injury: An analysis of 92 cases.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.
2
Department of Thoracic Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study aims to investigate the factors associated with mortality in patients with traumatic diaphragmatic rupture (TDR).

METHODS:

The records of patients who were operated on at a single hospital with the indication of blunt or penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries between January 2010 and June 2018 and who were perioperatively diagnosed with a diaphragmatic injury were evaluated retrospectively. The details of demographic characteristics, the type and localization of the trauma, presence and number of associated organ injuries, vital signs at admission, time from admission until surgery, type of operation, type of diaphragmatic repair, therapeutic approach, complications and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were analyzed.

RESULTS:

A total of 92 patients were included in this study. The mortality rate throughout the postoperative period was 15.2%. A penetrating injury was detected in 77.2% of the patients. Associated organ injury was most frequently in the liver, which was significant as a factor that increased mortality (p=0.020). The mortality rate was significantly lower among patients who underwent repair of diaphragmatic rupture when compared with untreated patients (p=0.003). Atelectasis was the most common complication. An ISS ≥24 points in patients with TDR was found to be an independent risk factor associated with mortality (p=0.003).

CONCLUSION:

Other organs are frequently involved in cases of TDR, and mortality increased significantly in cases with associated liver injury. An ISS of ≥24 was determined to be an independent risk factor associated with mortality. Since the main determinant of mortality was the presence or absence of additional organ injuries, it is important that this should be taken into consideration in these patients.

PMID:
31942746
DOI:
10.14744/tjtes.2019.82930
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for LookUs Bilisim
Loading ...
Support Center