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Agri. 2019 Nov;31(4):183-194. doi: 10.14744/agri.2019.68725.

The relationship between somatic sense perception levels and comorbid psychiatric diseases in chronic pain patients.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.
2
Department of Algologia, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Niğde State Hospital, Niğde, Turkey.
4
Department of Anesthesia, Van Research Hospital, Van, Turkey.
5
Department of Anesthesia, Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of the study was to evaluate any comorbid psychiatric disorders in patients with chronic pain and to examine the effects of sociodemographic details and the level of somatic sense perception on the severity of these diseases.

METHODS:

In this study, 51 chronic pain patients were evaluated in a consultation with a psychiatrist. Sociodemographic characteristics of the patients, such as age, gender, education level, and marital status were recorded, and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV results were assessed. The patients' chronic pains were classified as idiopathic or secondary to organic etiology. In addition, the Symptom Checklist-90, Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) were used.

RESULTS:

The incidence of psychiatric disorders in chronic pain patients was found to be 74.5%. Somatoform disorders were the most frequently diagnosed, at 37.3%. The rate of depressive and anxiety disorders was, respectively, 29.4% and 23.5%. Comorbid anxiety scores (p=0.019) and SSAS scores (p=0.046) were significantly higher in chronic pain patients with a somatoform disorder. HAM-A scores were found to be significantly higher in patients with depression (p=0.004). A positive and linear relationship was determined between the SSAS score and depression, anxiety, and the severity of mental symptoms.

CONCLUSION:

Structured or semi-structured interviews can be performed in pain polyclinics or psychiatric outpatient clinics to determine the level of perception of somatic sensations. This could be beneficial in the treatment of chronic pain and comorbid psychiatric disorders.

PMID:
31741346
DOI:
10.14744/agri.2019.68725
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