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Anatol J Cardiol. 2019 Nov;22(5):262-270. doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2019.45845.

Normal echocardiographic measurements in a Turkish population: The Healthy Heart ECHO-TR Trial.

Author information

1
Department Of Cardiology, Burdur State Hospital, Burdur, Turkey.
2
Department Of Cardiology, İzmir Atatürk Training And Research Hospital,i̇zmir, Turkey.
3
Department Of Cardiology, Kafkas University, Kars,Turkey.
4
Department Of Cardiology,Dr. Siyami Ersek Training And Research Hospital, İstanbul,Turkey.
5
Department of Cardiology,Elmalı State Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.
6
Department of Cardiology,Bucak State Hospital, Burdur,Turkey.
7
Department of Cardiology,Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır,Turkey.
8
Department of Cardiology, Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa,Turkey.
9
Department of Cardiology, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.
10
Department of Cardiology,Kars State Hospital, Kars,Turkey.
11
Department of Cardiology, Elbistan State Hospital, Kahramanmaraş,Turkey.
12
Department of Cardiology,Kahramanmaraş Necip Fazıl State Hospiatl,Kahramanmaraş,Turkey.
13
Department of Cardiology,Ufuk University, Ankara, Turkey.
14
Department of Cardiology, Katip Çelebi University, İzmir,Turkey.
15
Department of Cardiology, Dicle University, Diyarbakır,Turkey.
16
Department of Cardiology, Adana Ceyhan State Hospital, Adana, Turkey.
17
Department of Cardiology, 9 Eylül University, İzmir,Turkey.
18
Department of Cardiology, Koşuyolu Kartal Heart Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Normal reference values for the cardiac chambers are widely based on cohorts from European or American populations. In this study, we aimed to obtain normal echocardiographic measurements of healthy Turkish volunteers to reveal the age, gender, and geographical region dependent differences between Turkish populations and other populations.

METHODS:

Among 31 collaborating institutions from all regions of Turkey, 1154 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. Predefined protocols were used for all participants during echocardiographic examination. Blood biochemical parameters were also obtained for all patients on admission. The American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging recommendations were used to assess the echocardiographic cardiac chamber quantification.

RESULTS:

The study included 1154 volunteers (men: 609; women: 545), with a mean age of 33.5±11 years. Compared to men, women had a smaller body surface area, lower blood pressure and heart rate, lower hemoglobin, total cholesterol, lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, and higher high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Cardiac chambers were also smaller in women and their size varied with age. When we compared the regions in Turkey, the lowest values of left cardiac chamber indices were seen in the Marmara region and the highest values were observed in the Mediterranean region. Regarding the right cardiac indices, the Mediterranean region reported the lowest values, while the Black Sea region and the Eastern Anatolia region reported the highest values.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first study that evaluates the normal echocardiographic reference values for a healthy Turkish population. These results may provide important reference values that could be useful in routine clinical practice as well as in further clinical trials. (.

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