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North Clin Istanb. 2019 Jun 12;6(3):226-235. doi: 10.14744/nci.2018.59365. eCollection 2019.

The frequency of alopecia and quality of life in high-school students in rural areas (Sivrihisar, Mahmudiye, Alpu, and Beylikova) of Eskisehir.

Author information

1
Ercis Community Health Center, Van, Turkey.
2
Department of Public Health, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey.
3
Department of Dermatology, Memorial Atasehir Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of alopecia and related factors and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in high-school students in rural areas of Eskisehir. This was a cross-sectional study.

METHODS:

The study was performed between March 2, 2015 and April 30, 2015. A total of 1662 (74.9%) students were included in the study. The questionnaire performed for the purpose and consisted of four sections was filled out by the students themselves under supervision. The HRQoL was evaluated by Short Form-36 (SF-36). Students' hair and scalps were examined by a dermatologist. The acquired data were analyzed by SPSS 20 statistical package program. Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression analyses were used for statistical analyses. A p value ≤0.05 was accepted as statistically significant.

RESULTS:

In the present study, the incidence of alopecia was found to be 37.4% (n=622). Alopecia was more frequently seen in male students who have complaints about their scalps and those with a fatty scalp. In the study group, students with alopecia had poor HRQoL in general health perception, vitality, and mental health of SF-36.

CONCLUSION:

There is a need to provide early diagnosis and treatment to decrease the incidence of alopecia and to improve the quality of life. Health education studies must be performed to increase the awareness of students about alopecia. Integrating hair and scalp examination into school health screening studies, steering the students who have alopecia to the dermatologists, and suggesting students who have fatty scalp regular hair washing will be appropriate.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Eskisehir; alopecia; quality of life

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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