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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Aug;25(5):514-519. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.52543.

Ipsilateral hip pain and femoral shaft fractures: is there any relationship?

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Kyrenia Faculty of Medicine, Kyrenia-TRNC.
2
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kütahya University of Health Sciences Evliya Çelebi Training and Research Hospital, Kütahya-Turkey.
3
Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir-Turkey.
4
Department of Radiology, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High-energy traumas are common occurrences worldwide. The rate of overlooked neck fractures in polytrauma cases is also high. Previous studies have shown that articular hip pathologies, particularly neck fractures, are associated with fractures of the femoral shaft. This study sets out to describe cases of intra-articular hip pathology following traumatic femoral shaft fracture. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the relationship between ipsilateral hip pain and femoral shaft fractures.

METHODS:

Patients who were diagnosed with a fracture of the femur shaft and who were operated on (intramedullary fixation or plate) were included in this study. Patients with pathologic fractures, femoral neck fractures, femoral intertrochanteric fractures, or pelvic fractures were excluded. Patients with at least six months of follow-up and who were capable of independent walking without support were grouped according to AO/OTA fracture classification. Patients were questioned for deep anterior groin pain, and physical examination tests and hip imaging (X-ray and MR arthrography) were performed by calling patients with the indicated complaints.

RESULTS:

The presence of labral tears were noted in two patients. The incidence of osseous bump of the femoral neck identified by MR arthrography (MRA) was found in three of 16 hips. Assessment of the presence of gluteal tendinosis or tear and herniation pit identified three of 16 hips. The presence of osteophytes was noted in one patient. MRA identified three of 16 hips with more than one type of intra-articular pathology. Two patients with an osseous bump of the femoral neck were also diagnosed with additional hip pathology as herniation pit.

CONCLUSION:

Anterior groin pain in patients with a history of femoral shaft fracture is not always related to implants. Orthopedic surgeons should become suspicious in cases of intra-articular hip pathology in patients who have persistent hip pain after severe lower extremity trauma.

PMID:
31475328
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2018.52543
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