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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Aug;25(5):427-432. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.26050.

An evaluation of the effect of ertapenem in rats with sepsis created by cecal ligation and puncture.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Hopa State Hospital, Artvin-Turkey.
2
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir-Turkey.
3
Department of Laboratory Animal Science, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir-Turkey.
4
Department of General Surgery, University of Health Sciences Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, İzmir-Turkey.
5
Department of Pathology, University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir-Turkey.
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, Urla State Hospital, İzmir-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intra-abdominal adhesions are still a major problem which is expected to be reduced by the provision of bacterial decontamination. Various antibiotics have been used to prevent the formation of adhesion in the septic abdomen. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of ertapenem in sepsis of rats induced by cecal ligation and puncture.

METHODS:

Twenty-eight Wistar rats were divided into four groups randomly. In all groups, bacterial peritonitis was created by cecal ligation and puncture method. Group 1 was considered as sham group. Groups 2, 3 and 4 were given, respectively, saline, a single dose of ertapenem and a dose of ertapenem intraperitoneally every day. Intra-abdominal adhesions were assessed seven days after surgery by histopathological examination. Microbiological examination was performed through the ascites obtained. TNF-α was measured from blood taken from rats.

RESULTS:

Adhesion score decreased significantly by the application of ertapenem (p<0.001) and fibrosis scores were found to be significantly lower (p=0.005). Among all groups, the relationship between the decrease in the number of colonies and antibiotics application was not statistically significant (p=0.109). No statistically significant difference was found between the group given a single dose of ertapenem and the group given multiple ertapenem (p=1).

CONCLUSION:

Peritoneal lavage with ertapenem appears to be effective in preventing the adhesion in the septic abdomen. As no difference was detected at the end of a single dose and multiple-dose administration of antibiotics in the adhesion scores, a single dose after surgery seems to be enough. The findings suggest that the results should be evaluated in a clinical trial.

PMID:
31475323
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2018.26050
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