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Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2019 Jul;47(5):384-390. doi: 10.5543/tkda.2019.64569.

Acute effects of synthetic cannabinoids on ventricular repolarization parameters.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, University of Health Science, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Health Science, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

An association between ventricular repolarization parameters (VRPs) and ventricular arrhythmias has been demonstrated in previous studies. However, there are limited data related to a relationship between synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) and VRPs. The aim of this study was to analyze the acute effects of SCs on VRPs using electrocardiogram (ECG) measurements of the T-peak to T-end interval (Tp-e), Tp-e/QT ratio, and Tp-e/corrected QT (QTc) ratio.

METHODS:

The present study included 58 patients who were admitted to the emergency department who used SCs (SC +) between 2014 and 2016, and 50 healthy control subjects (SC -). The QT and QTc intervals, Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT, and Tp-e/QTc ratios were measured from a 12-lead ECG. These parameters were compared between groups and correlation analysis was performed.

RESULTS:

The Tp-e and QTc intervals were significantly higher in SC + patients when compared with the SC- group (92.2±177;10.0, 77.4 ±177;9.3, p<0.001; 434.5±177;30.8, 410.9±177;27.3, p<0.001, respectively). Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were greater in SC + patients in comparison with SC - participants (0.26±177;0.02, 0.22±177;0.02, p<0.001; 0.21±177;0.02, 0.18±177;0.02, p<0.001, respectively). Significant correlations were found between the use of SCs and the Tp-e interval (r=0.610; p<0.001), Tp-e/QT (r=0.655; p<0.001) and Tp-e/ QTc ratios (r=0.437; p<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were greater in subjects who used SCs. Therefore, SC users might have an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmia.

PMID:
31311906
DOI:
10.5543/tkda.2019.64569
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