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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Jul;25(4):378-382. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.94849.

How necessary is the computerized brain tomography in minor head trauma?

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University Faculty of Medicine, Afyonkarahisar-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Head trauma is a health problem that may be observed in all age groups, and it may cause significant losses in terms of health and economy. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the abnormal computerized brain tomography (CBT) prevalence and the rate of admission to brain surgery clinics in patients who applied to the Emergency Service Department for CBT due to minor head trauma.

METHODS:

In the present study, the patients who were admitted to Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University, Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Emergency Service Department between January 1st, 2017, and December 31st, 2017, due to head trauma and in who CBT was performed were examined retrospectively. The electronic files, CBTs, and consultation notes of these patients were accessed in the information system of the hospital.

RESULTS:

A total of 43,389 patients who applied to the Emergency Service Department in 1 years' time (2017) were examined retrospectively. As a result of the examination, it was determined that a total of 2,515 (5.7%) patients received CBT. The reason for a total of 1,152 (45%) of these patients was traumatic injury. It was determined that 618 (53.6%) of the patients in who CBT was performed due to trauma were aged <18 years; 280 (24.3%) patients were aged <2 years; 179 (15.5%) patients had to consult with the Brain Surgery Clinic; and 94 (8.1%) were hospitalized. It was also determined that there were abnormal computed tomography (CT) findings in only 68 (5.9%) of the patients in who CBT was performed.

CONCLUSION:

The use of CBT indication criteria, which have been previously established and which reliability has been proven, in emergency trauma cases applying to the Emergency Service Department with minor head traumas may reduce the complication risk that may appear as a result of an unnecessary CBT and avoid complications that may occur in the long run due to CBT.

PMID:
31297787
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2018.94849
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