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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Jul;25(4):389-395. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.29302.

Effect of temporary vascular shunting as a previous intervention on lower extremity arterial injury: Single center experiences in the Syrian Civil War.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara-Turkey.
2
Depatment of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hatay State Hospital, Hatay-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The goal of this retrospective study was to clarify the effect of using temporary vascular shunt (TVS) as a previous intervention.

METHODS:

A total of 96 cases with war-related lower extremity arterial injury and surgically treated between October 2013 and March 2016 were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: those in which TVS was performed as a previous intervention on admission (TVS group, n=24) and those in which compression, tourniquet, and ligation/clampage were performed as a previous intervention on admission (non-TVS group, n=72).

RESULTS:

In comparing injury pattern, there was no difference between the two groups. In addition, mean hematocrit level, mean systolic blood pressure, the incidence of concomitant vein injury, nerve injury, soft tissue damage, and bone injury were similar in both groups. The overall amputation rate was 19%. There were a total of 18 amputations, with 1 (4%) in the TVS group and 17 (24%) in the non-TVS group. The difference on amputation rate was statistically significant. The mean values of the mangled extremity severity score (MESS) were 6.45 in the TVS group and 7.44 in the non-TVS group. The overall mean MESS was 7.1. The duration of ischemia (DoI) was 4.84+-1.84 h in the TVS group and 5.95+-1.92 h in the non-TVS group. These differences in MESS and DoI were statistically significant.

CONCLUSION:

We think that it may be beneficial for patients to consider a TVS to reduce DoI and gain time for surgical revascularization. As a result, the present study demonstrates that the use of TVS may successfully serve as a bridge between initial injury and definitive repair with a reduction in amputation rates.

PMID:
31297775
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2018.29302
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