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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Jul;25(4):410-416. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2019.21270.

Examining implant superiority in the treatment of simple pertrochanteric fractures of the proximal femur in elderly patients.

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1
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological results of the proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) with those of the dynamic hip screw (DHS) and percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) in the treatment of simple pertrochanteric fractures.

METHODS:

A total of 203 patients were included in the study. PFNA fixations were performed in 73 patients (PFNA group), DHS in 68 patients (DHS group), and PCCP in 62 patients (PCCP group). The main outcome measurements were perioperative properties, the Harris hip score, changes in the neck-shaft angle, and loss of the abductor muscle strength. Data were compared between the groups.

RESULTS:

The mean estimated total blood loss and the number of patients receiving the blood transfusion rate in the PFNA group were statistically significantly lower. The mean operation and fluoroscopy times in the PCCP group were statistically significantly higher. The mean loss of the abductor muscle strength and changes in the neck-shaft angle in the PFNA group were statistically significantly higher. The mean Harris hip scores were similar.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings demonstrated that although PFNA was superior with regard to the perioperative data, DHS and PCCP were superior in maintaining the reduction and the abductor muscle strenght. All three implants were similar and had satisfactory functional outcomes.

PMID:
31297774
DOI:
10.14744/tjtes.2019.21270
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