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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Mar;25(2):177-182. doi: 10.14744/tjtes.2019.70679.

Role of increased immature granulocyte percentage in the early prediction of acute necrotizing pancreatitis.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) is the most severe form of acute pancreatitis (AP), and it has high mortality rates. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are of critical importance for the prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of immature granulocyte percentage (IG%) in the early prediction of ANP.

METHODS:

This retrospective study included 96 adult patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of AP. Demographic data of the patients were recorded. The white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), IG%, C-reactive protein (CRP), and amylase levels were determined. Furthermore, computed abdominal tomography was applied to the patients, and the length of hospital stay was recorded. Patients were divided into two groups as those with acute edematous pancreatitis and ANP, according to the tomography results. The differences between the groups were analyzed statistically.

RESULTS:

The WBC count, NLR, CRP, and IG% were significant markers in the prediction of ANP. However, IG% had higher values with regard to the sensitivity, specificity, AUROC, and negative and positive predictive values (100%, 95%, 0.982, 78.9%, and 100%, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

An increased IG% is a simple, fast, and effective marker in the early prediction of ANP.

METHODS:

This retrospective study was carried out on 96 adult patients who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Demographic data of the patients were recorded. White blood cell count, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, IG%, C-reactive protein and amylase levels were determined. Furthermore computed abdominal tomography was applied to the patients and the length of hospital stay was recorded. The patients were divided into two groups as acute edematous pancreatitis and acute necrotizing pancreatitis according to the tomography results. The differences between the groups were analyzed statistically.

RESULTS:

White blood cell count, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, C-reactive protein and IG% were significant markers in the prediction of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. However, IG% had higher values of sensitivity, specificity, AUROC, negative and positive predictive values ( 100%, 95%, 0.982, 78.9%, 100%,respectively).

CONCLUSION:

Increased IG% is a simple, fast, and effective marker in the early prediction of acute necrotizing pancreatitis.

PMID:
30892679
DOI:
10.14744/tjtes.2019.70679
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