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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Jan;25(1):89-92. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.22934.

Improvement of a duodenal leak: Two-way vacuum-assisted closure.

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Department of General Surgery, Health Sciences University, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.


A 55-year-old male patient developed a duodenal re-leak, which caused severe peritonitis, on the second postoperative day after surgery to treat an acutely perforated duodenal ulcer. Relaparotomy was performed 2 days after surgery for the re-leak after omentoplasty. The necrotic omentum was dissociated from the bulbus duodeni. Viable omentum for reinsertion of the omental patch was not found. The turned-outward duodenal mucosa was excised and the duodenal perforation was sutured. Two-way vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) was carried out by taking a liquid culture of the abdomen and washing the abdomen. The two-way VAC exchange procedures were continued every 3 days until the re-leak was terminated. The whole treatment process occurred in the intensive care unit. The duodenal leak was completely stopped by 41 days after surgery. The subcutaneous layer was dissected from the fascial layer of the anterior wall of the abdomen; thus, the abdominal skin was closed without tension and the patient was subsequently discharged. In conclusion, since primary source control is often difficult when treating duodenal leaks, the two-way VAC system is a convenient solution for localizing the source of the peritonitis and removing toxic peritoneal material.

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