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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2019 Jan;25(1):60-65. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2019.48482.

Complicated or not complicated: Stoma site marking before emergency abdominal surgery.

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Department of General Surgery, İstanbul University İstanbul Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul-Turkey.



Marking a stoma site preoperatively decreases the possibility of experiencing later stoma-related problems and improves the quality of life of patients in the postoperative period. Those best equipped to perform this procedure are ostomy nurses and colorectal surgeons, as they receive the stoma therapy education during their training programs. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of stoma problems and quality of life of patients who underwent an operation that included stoma creation (elective or urgent) with and without preoperative stoma siting. The approach and behavior of surgical residents regarding stoma creation was also assessed.


Patients who had undergone gastrointestinal surgery between January 2012 and December 2013 were assessed. A total of 116 of those patients who had a stoma created during the initial operation were followed by a stoma therapy nurse in the postoperative period and were enrolled in the current study. In addition, a survey of the residents was conducted to evaluate their knowledge about stoma creation and stoma care.


A total of 67 (58%) of the 116 patients included were male. The median age was 57±16 years (range: 17-87 years). A body mass index above 30 kg/m2 was detected in 16 patients (14%). The reason for surgery was malignant disease in 93 (80%) patients, and 97 cases (84%) were elective operations. Preoperative stoma marking was performed in 72 patients (62%). The stoma type was an ileostomy in 87 patients (75%). Stoma-related complications were observed in 40 patients (35%). Emergency surgery (p=0.020), preoperative stoma marking (p=0.000), adjuvant therapy (p=0.004), and the stoma caretaker (patient or relatives) (p=0.05) were associated with stoma-related complications. Logistic regression analysis revealed that only the type of surgery (emergency or elective), preoperative stoma marking, and the stoma caretaker increased the rate of stoma-related complications.


Marking the stoma location before surgery reduces the risk of stoma-related complications and has a positive effect on the patient's quality of life. Multivariable analysis indicated that marking the stoma site before the operation was the only factor that affected the rate of stoma-related complications, regardless of emergency or elective surgical conditions. Since surgeons will encounter the need for a stoma procedure during their professional career and they will not always have the opportunity to work with stoma therapy nurse, stoma care education should be provided during their residency (internship) education, and ascertaining a stoma localization before surgery for all potential stoma cases should be encouraged in emergency shifts.

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