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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2018 Nov;24(6):601-603. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2018.23238.

Treatment with vacuum-assisted closure system: A case of anastomotic leak after upper gastrointestinal surgery.

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Department of General Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.


Presently described is a case treated via stent and vacuum-assisted closure (VAC). The patient developed an oesophagojejunostomy leak (OL) on the ninth postoperative day after a radical total gastrectomy. The patient was a 55-year-old male patient with adenocarcinoma localized to the small curvature on the corpus of the stomach. Relaparatomy was performed for the OL, including placement of an uncovered stent. The abdomen was washed 4 times. As the OL did not decrease, 2 covered stents (22 mm and 18 mm in diameter and 80 mm long) were inserted endoscopically. The OL continued to contaminate the abdomen. One tip of the VAC sponge was placed next to the anastomosis, and the other tip was removed from the left upper quadrant. Another VAC closure set was placed in the abdomen. Both VAC closures were connected to separate vacuum devices with 75 mmHg of pressure. VAC dressings were changed at regular intervals every 3 days, and these steps were repeated 7 times over 21 days. The covered stents were removed endoscopically in the final operation. Fistulography revealed that the OL was completely closed, and the VAC dressings were removed. The skin was closed by separating the subcutaneous oil layer of the fascia. VAC therapy can not only provide serious abdominal sepsis treatment and primary source control, but also accelerate granulation development and, in this case, quickly closed the anastomotic leakage.

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