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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2016 Sep;22(5):441-448. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2016.42247.

Management of perforation after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Researh Hospital, İzmir-Turkey. tavusbay3@gmail.com.
2
Department of Gastroenterology, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Researh Hospital, İzmir-Turkey.
3
Department of General Surgery, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Atatürk Training and Researh Hospital, İzmir-Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related perforation is an infrequent complication. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The present study is an evaluation of experience with management and outcomes of ERCP-related perforations and a review of relevant literature.

METHODS:

Between January 2008 and January 2015, a total of 9383 ERCPs were performed in endoscopy unit. A total of 29 perforations (0.33%) were identified and retrospectively reviewed.

RESULTS:

Of the 29 patients, 18 were female and 11 patients were male, with mean age of 70.5 years (range 33-99 years). According to Stapfer's classification, the 29 patients with ERCP related perforations included 5 type 1 perforations, 14 type 2 perforations, 7 type 3 perforations, and 3 cases of type 4 perforation. In total, 15 of 29 patients with ERCP perforation were operated on. Nine (60%) of those who underwent surgery were discharged uneventful, but 6 (40%) patients died due to postoperative complications and/or associated comorbidities. Seven (24.1%) of 29 patients had undergone endoscopic treatment and 5 of the 7 were discharged from the hospital without any problems; however, peritonitis occurred in 2 patients whose initial endoscopic treatment failed. The first of these 2 patients underwent surgery and was discharged uneventfully, but second patient, who refused surgery, died due to sepsis. Six patients were successfully treated with conservative management. Surgery could not be performed in the remaining 2 patients, who died of sepsis following peritonitis; 1 refused surgery, the other had sudden cardiopulmonary arrest during induction of general anesthesia. Mean hospital stay was 13.2 days (range: 2-57 days). In all, 9 (31%) patients died during period of the study.

CONCLUSION:

ERCP-related perforation is uncommon complication, but an extremely serious condition. Early diagnosis and prompt management are most important to reduce associated significant morbidity and mortality rates. The most appropriate treatment course should be determined on case-by-case basis.

PMID:
27849320
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2016.42247
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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