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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2016 Jan;22(1):66-75. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2015.47817.

[Secondary victimization of traffic accident victims: getting buried without the declaration of forensic case and without having performed autopsy].

[Article in Turkish]

Author information

1
Department of Forensic Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University Faculty of Medicine, Bolu, Turkey. zerrinerkol@gmail.com.
2
Department of Forensic Medicine, Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Van, Turkey.
3
Department of Forensic Medicine, Düzce University Faculty of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey.
4
Council of Forensic Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
5
Department of Forensic Medicine, Bülent Ecevit University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In this study, it was aimed to analyze the cases of traffic accident related deaths, buried without performing autopsy, in order to increase awareness of the physicians about declaration liability of forensic cases and also emphasize the declaration of the forensic case and autopsy importance.

METHODS:

In the First Specialization Board of Council of Forensic Medicine, 542 cases of death, reported between the years 2004-2008, who were involved in traffic accidents and buried without an autopsy performed, were evaluated retrospectively.

RESULTS:

It was found that 69.4% of the cases (n=376) were males, whereas %30.6 (n=166) were females; mean age was 58.5±20.9 (range, 3-98 years). Age 61 and above was the most frequent age group with 301 cases (55.5%). Of the cases, 336 (62.0%) had died in hospital, 241 (44.5%) had died in 1-12 months following the accident and medico-legal corpse examination was performed only in 123 (22.9%) cases. Three hundred fourty-four (63.5%) of the cases were not reported as forensic cases and death certificate was signed by any physician other than medical examiner without being declared as a legal case. According to the decisions of Board, since an autopsy was not duly performed, the cause of death could not be determined for 95 cases (17.5%) and for 57 cases (10.5%), it was not possible to determine whether there was causality between the accident and death.

DISCUSSION:

Our findings emphasize the importance of declaration of forensic cases and performing autopsy in time in traffic accident victims.

PMID:
27135081
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2015.47817
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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