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Brain Res. 1999 Feb 6;818(1):72-6.

Age-dependent alteration of metabolic response to photic stimulation in the human brain measured by 31P MR-spectroscopy.

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Department of Psychiatry, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2121, Japan.


Effects of photic stimulation (PS) on energy metabolism were examined in the occipital cortex of 25 healthy volunteers aged 23-69 years old using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS). A significant effect of photic stimulation was found only for intracellular pH (p<0.05 by repeated measures analysis of variance) but not for any peak area ratios. An interaction between intracellular pH and age were statistically significant (p<0.005), and the interaction between phosphocreatine and age was close to significance (p=0.06). In subjects aged more than 40 years old, phosphocreatine was significantly decreased during the photic stimulation (p<0.05, multiple comparison by Dunnett's method), and intracellular pH tended to be elevated just after the stimulation (p=0.07). There were no significant changes in these values in younger subjects. These results suggest that no significant effect of photic stimulation on brain energy metabolism was found in younger subjects, and that significant effects of photic stimulation on intracellular pH and phosphocreatine were found in middle-aged subjects. Metabolic response of the human brain to photic stimulation may be dependent on age.

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