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Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 1998 Apr;18(2):88-95.

[Nasal packing and antibiotic prophylaxis in septoplasty: a controlled study].

[Article in Italian]

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U.O. ORL, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova, Azienda Ospedaliera di Reggio Emilia.


Systematic use of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) and nasal packing (NP) in septoplasty-both directly and indirectly affecting the cost of surgery (length of hospitalization)-appear based on controversial scientific data and, at times, even on unjustified clinical "habits". A controlled study was thus performed on 100 adults undergoing exclusive nasal septoplasty to determine whether these techniques are actually useful. The subjects were randomly divided into four groups: TN-PAP-(29 subjects), TN-PAP+ (25 subjects), TN+ PAP- (21 subjects) and TN+ PAP+ (25 subjects). Surgery was always performed by the same surgeon and was concluded with continuous suture of the mucoperichondrial layers. Only one patient (TN-PAP-) presented complications of infection (vestibulitis). Three patients in the TN- group required nasal packing a few hours after surgery because of moderate bleeding. As of three months after surgery no other complications had arisen. Postoperative pain, evaluated on an analogicalvisual scale, was higher during the 12 hours after surgery. Analysis of variance showed that the only pain-related factor was nasal packing while PAP and the interaction between TN and PAP did not prove significant. The above results suggest that PAP and TN should not be systematically used, thus reducing the hospitalization period for septoplasty to the day of surgery (Day surgery).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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