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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1998 May;60(1):285-91.

Monoaminergic dysregulation on diestrus-2 and estrus through high emotional reactivity.

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1
Department of Experimental Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece.

Abstract

Rats with great differences in emotional reactivity, during weighing and handling for vaginal smear screening were examined on diestrus-2 (DE-2), proestrus (PE), and estrus (E). Rats with high emotional reactivity (HR), interpreted as trait anxiety, had different serotonergic and dopaminergic profile in hypothalamus-preoptic area (HY-PA) and striatum (Str) and thymus weight lower than that found in rats with low emotional reactivity (LR). In HY-PA of rats with HR when compared to rats with LR, increased 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), 5-HIAA/serotonin (5-HT) ratio, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and in Str increased DOPAC and DOPAC/dopamine (DA) ratio were found only on DE-2, paralleled by increased adrenal weight and decreased thymus weight. In Str, a significant effect of HR on 5-HIAA was found only on E, in parallel with increased 5-HT and decreased DOPAC and DOPAC/DA ratio when compared to rats with LR. The results suggest that activation of 5-HT and DA in HY-PA and DA in Str through HR is apparent only on DE-2 while, conversely, on E suppression of striatal DA it is apparent with 5-HT dysregulation. These findings might have some relevance to the predisposition of women with trait anxiety to premenstrual syndrome.

PMID:
9610954
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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