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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1994 Nov;24(5):794-802.

Characterization of the adrenoceptor antagonistic and antihypertensive activity of oral amosulalol, a combined alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, in hypertensive rats.

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1
Cardiovascular & Atherosclerosis Research Laboratory, Yamanouchi Pharmaceutical, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

The adrenoceptor antagonistic and antihypertensive effects of amosulalol, 5-[1-hydroxy-2-[[2-(o- methoxy)ethyl]-2-ethylbenzenesulfonamide HCl, a combined alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, were examined in hypertensive rats. Oral administration of amosulalol (1-30 mg/kg) produced a dose-dependent antihypertensive effect without reflex tachycardia in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with a duration > 10 h after the higher doses (10 and 30 mg/kg). Amosulalol was approximately threefold more potent than labetalol and arotinolol in decreasing blood pressure (BP) in conscious SHR. Oral (p.o.) administration of amosulalol 10 mg/kg produced equally potent reductions in mean arterial BP (MBP) without reflex tachycardia in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt rats (DHR) and renal hypertensive rats (RHR) as it did in SHR. Repeated oral administration (1, 4, 8, or 12 weeks) of amosulalol 10 mg/kg elicited an antihypertensive effect without evidence of tolerance in conscious SHR and produced a rightward shift in phenylephrine (PE)-induced vasopressor and isoproterenol (ISO)-induced positive chronotropic responses with dose ratios of 3.3-12.5 and 3.7-6.4, respectively, in pithed SHR. In addition, single p.o. administration of amosulalol 10 mg/kg produced a rightward shift in these responses with dose ratios of 12.1 and 3.5, respectively, in pithed SHR. Amosulalol exerted antihypertensive activity without tachycardia through blockade of vascular alpha- and cardiac beta-adrenoceptors, and its activities were constant even after repeated p.o. administration.

PMID:
7532758
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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