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Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1977 Oct;70(10):1059-66.

[Electrocardiogram in the "typical angina of effort with normal arteriography" syndrome].

[Article in French]

Abstract

This study related to 163 cases of chest pain with the typical clinical features of angina of effort (AE) selected from a continuous series of patients who had carotid arteriography (CA) for anginal pain. These 163 cases were divided into two groups: a study group (SG) consisting of 44 patients with a normal CA, and a control group (CG) which, when patients with ECG evidence of transmural necrosis had been excluded, consisted of 119 cases of coronary artery stenosis, almost all amounting to more than 75 percent. Among those with typical AE (without ECG evidence of transmural necrosis), the proportion of normal CA was 27 percent. It was reduced to 17 percent when those patients with ECG evidence of transmural necrosis were added to the CG. The clinical features of the pain were noted for the SG and the CG, as well as the incidence of "risk factors". By contrast, the SG contained significantly more young subjects and females than the CG (P less than 0.001). The proportion with normal ECGs at reat was the same in the two groups (32 percent). The proportion of non-ischaemic abnormalities of repolarisation was 32 percent in the SG and 18 percent in the CG. Ischaemic abnormalities of repolarisation were present in 23 percent of cases in the SG, and in 49 percent in the CG (p less than 0.01). The exercise test on a bicycle ergometer was carried out for 16 cases in the SG was positive in 7 (44 percent: one male, six females). Of the 33 tests in the CG, a positive response was obtained in 20 (60 percent: 18 males, 2 females) (NS). 37 percent of patients in the SG showed an abnormality of volume or of left ventricular kinetics on arteriography (5 cases) and/or elevation of the end-diastolic pressure before and after arteriography (9 cases). These findings are not significantly different from those in the CG. 9 patients in the SG were studied for myocardial metabolism under pacing: 2 were found to have abnormalities in lactate production.

PMID:
413514
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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