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Geriatrics (Basel). 2018 Dec 16;3(4). pii: E92. doi: 10.3390/geriatrics3040092.

Point of Care Quantitative Assessment of Muscle Health in Older Individuals: An Investigation of Quantitative Muscle Ultrasound and Electrical Impedance Myography Techniques.

Author information

1
Duke University Department of Neurology/Neuromuscular Division, Durham, NC 27710, USA. lisa.hobsonwebb@duke.edu.
2
Duke University Department of Neurology/Neuromuscular Division, Durham, NC 27710, USA. paul.zwelling@duke.edu.
3
Duke University Department of Neurology/Neuromuscular Division, Durham, NC 27710, USA. ashley.pifer@duke.edu.
4
Duke University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Durham, NC 27710, USA. carolyn.killelea@duke.edu.
5
Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Durham, NC 27710, USA. carolyn.killelea@duke.edu.
6
Duke University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Durham, NC 27710, USA. mallory.faherty@duke.edu.
7
Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Durham, NC 27710, USA. mallory.faherty@duke.edu.
8
Duke University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Durham, NC 27710, USA. tcs30@duke.edu.
9
Michael W. Krzyzewski Human Performance Laboratory, Durham, NC 27710, USA. tcs30@duke.edu.
10
Duke University Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Durham, NC 27710, USA. amy.pastva@duke.edu.
11
Duke University Claude D. Pepper Older American Independence Center Durham, NC 27710, USA. amy.pastva@duke.edu.

Abstract

Background: Muscle health is recognized for its critical role in the functionality and well-being of older adults. Readily accessible, reliable, and inexpensive methods of measuring muscle health are needed to advance research and clinical care. Methods: In this prospective, blinded study, 27 patients underwent quantitative muscle ultrasound (QMUS), standard electrical impedance myography (sEIM), and handheld electrical impedance myography (hEIM) of the anterior thigh musculature by two independent examiners. Subjects also had dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans and standardized tests of physical function and strength. Data were analyzed for intra- and inter-rater reliability, along with correlations with DEXA and physical measures. Results: Measures of intra- and inter-rater reliability were excellent (>0.90) for all QMUS, sEIM, and hEIM parameters except intra-rater reliability of rectus femoris echointensity (0.87-0.89). There were moderate, inverse correlations between QMUS, sEIM, and hEIM parameters and measures of knee extensor strength. Moderate to strong correlations (0.57-0.81) were noted between investigational measures and DEXA-measured fat mass. Conclusions: QMUS, sEIM and hEIM were highly reliable in a controlled, same-day testing protocol. Multiple correlations with measures of strength and body composition were noted for each method. Point-of-care technologies may provide an alternative means of measuring health.

KEYWORDS:

TUG; aging; elderly; electrical impedance myography; frailty; muscle; point of care; ultrasound

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