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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1987 May;53(5):1171-4.

Restriction enzyme analysis of lactose and bacteriocin plasmids from Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetylactis WM4 and cloning of BclI fragments coding for bacteriocin production.


The 131.1-kilobase (kb) bacteriocin production (Bac) plasmid pNP2 and the 63.6-kb lactose metabolism (Lac) plasmid pCS26, from Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetylactis WM4, as well as pWN8, a 116.7-kb recombinant plasmid from a Lac+ transconjugant, were analyzed with restriction enzymes to determine the origin of pWN8. Plasmid pWN8 conferred a Lac+ Bac- phenotype, contained DNA derived from pCS26 and pNP2, and, like pNP2, exhibited self-transmissibility (Tra+). In cloning attempts, Bac+ transformant S. lactis KSH1 was isolated. The recombinant plasmid, pKSH1, contained three BclI fragments from pNP2. Bac- transformants which individually contained each of the three fragments were also identified. Comparison of restriction maps of pKSH1 and pNP2 revealed an 18.4-kb region common to both plasmids, involving two of the three BclI fragments. S. lactis KSH1 also exhibited greater inhibitory activity against the indicator strain S. diacetylactis 18-16 than did a strain containing the 131.1-kb Bac plasmid.

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