Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Dec;53(12):2386-2389. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.08.025. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Predictors of early lobectomy after birth in prenatally diagnosed congenital pulmonary airway malformation.

Author information

1
Division of Surgery, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan; International University of Health and Welfare School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan. Electronic address: yfuchimoto@iuhw.ac.jp.
2
Division of Surgery, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Division of Neonatology, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Division of Fetal medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
5
Department of Pathology National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between congenital pulmonary airway malformation volume ratio (CVR) of bronchial atresia (BA), CVR of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAM), and time of surgery after birth.

METHOD:

We retrospectively analyzed data of 36 BA and CCAM cases, prenatally diagnosed as CPAM from 2009 through 2014.

RESULTS:

Within 2 h after birth, 12 neonatal patients underwent emergent (EMG) lobectomy. Five cases of lobectomy were performed urgently (UG) from 12 to 48 h after birth. Four cases of lobectomy were required within 30 days after birth (early = EAG). We performed lobectomy in 15 other patients at 11 months after birth (late = LG). Of the EMG cases, 11 were macrotype CCAM (maximal CVR >2.0), and 4 of 5 UG cases were microtype CCAM (CVR >2.0). Of the EAG cases, 3 of 4 were macrotype CCAM with CVR of <1.5. Of 15 LG, 13 were BA and showed a CVR of 0.13-3.0 (median, 0.78). The CVR of the cases operated on within 48 h after birth was significantly larger than that of the cases operated on after 2 weeks (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

EMG or UG lobectomy was usually required after birth in CCAM, indicating maximal CVR >2.0. By contrast, elective surgery was performed in most BA cases.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

IV.

KEYWORDS:

Bronchial atresia (BA); CVR; Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAM); Lobectomy

PMID:
30244937
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.08.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center