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Comp Biochem Physiol C. 1986;85(2):319-27.

Effects of capsaicin on molluscan neurons: a voltage clamp study.


The effects of capsaicin (CAP) on membrane ionic currents of identified and non-identified neurons were investigated by use of the single electrode clamp (SEC). CAP (300 microM, 22 degrees C, pH 7.4) caused a 25-50% reduction of the inward current and a 50-80% reduction of the outward current in normal or Na-free (Tris) solution. The Na current (INa) was moderately decreased (about 10%) in LPa2 neuron, but a 50% reduction of the peak Ca current (ICa) was observed. The action of CAP on ICa varied from cell to cell but an enhanced inactivation of the fast calcium current was found in all neurons studied. CAP (150 microM, 10 min) highly attenuated the long-lasting component of the inward current in LPa2 recorded in Na-free (TEA) Ba solutions. CAP attenuated the fast outward current (IA) and voltage-dependent outward current (IK) in 100 and 300 microM concentrations for the half blocking dose (ID50) in LPa2 neuron, respectively. CAP decreased the slow outward tail currents but hardly influenced the leakage current (IL). We suggest that the acute action of CAP coupled with a series of events in the neuronal membrane can modify the conductance via electrically excitable calcium, potassium and sodium channels differentially.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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