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Jpn Circ J. 1989 Jul;53(7):766-72.

The effect of left ventricular wall motion during isovolumetric relaxation period in coronary artery disease.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Japan.


The effect of the left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion during isovolumetric relaxation period (IRP) were studied in 9 patients with old anteroseptal myocardial infarction (OMI) and 8 normal subjects (NOR). There were no significant differences in heart rate, peak LV systolic pressure and peak (+) dP/dt between the groups. LV cavity was divided into the anterior and inferior sides by a long axis, which was equally divided with 3 perpendicular lines, creating 4 areas in each side. The sums of the 2 middle areas in each side were defined as Aa and Ab, respectively. During IRP the pattern of (-) dP/dt at the upstroke phase was convex-downward in OMI, but convex-upward in NOR. Time constant (T) was significantly prolonged in OMI compared with NOR (50 +/- 9 vs 37 +/- 6 msec; p less than 0.01). On NOR, Aa increased significantly after 33.4 msec from peak (-) dP/dt, while Ab remained unchanged. In OMI, Ab increased after 50.1 msec from peak (-) dP/dt, associated with decrease in Aa, suggesting the passive shortening of the anterior wall by the active expansion of the inferior. Such asynchronous LV wall motions during IRP might impair LV relaxation and influence the upstroke pattern of (-) dP/dt.

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