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Sensors (Basel). 2016 Sep 22;16(10). pii: E1554. doi: 10.3390/s16101554.

Reference Beam Pattern Design for Frequency Invariant Beamforming Based on Fast Fourier Transform.

Author information

1
National Laboratory of Radar Signal Processing, Xi'dian University, Xi'an 710071, China. zhangwang8515@163.com.
2
National Laboratory of Radar Signal Processing, Xi'dian University, Xi'an 710071, China. sutao@xidian.edu.cn.

Abstract

In the field of fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based frequency invariant beamforming (FIB), there is still an unsolved problem. That is the selection of the reference beam to make the designed wideband pattern frequency invariant (FI) over a given frequency range. This problem is studied in this paper. The research shows that for a given array, the selection of the reference beam pattern is determined by the number of sensors and the ratio of the highest frequency to the lowest frequency of the signal (RHL). The length of the weight vector corresponding to a given reference beam pattern depends on the reference frequency. In addition, the upper bound of the weight length to ensure the FI property over the whole frequency band of interest is also given. When the constraints are added to the reference beam, it does not affect the FI property of the designed wideband beam as long as the symmetry of the reference beam is ensured. Based on this conclusion, a scheme for reference beam design is proposed.

KEYWORDS:

fast Fourier transform; frequency invariant beamforming; frequency invariant property; reference beam pattern

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