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J Chromatogr A. 2014 Apr 25;1339:1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2014.02.082. Epub 2014 Mar 6.

Coacervative extraction as a green technique for sample preparation for the analysis of organic compounds.

Author information

1
Gdansk University of Technology, Chemical Faculty, Department of Analytical Chemistry, 11/12 G. Narutowicza Str., 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: Alma@Melnyk.pl.
2
Gdansk University of Technology, Chemical Faculty, Department of Analytical Chemistry, 11/12 G. Narutowicza Str., 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland; Medical University of Gdansk, Faculty of Health Sciences with Subfaculty of Nursing, Department of Environmental Toxicology, Dębowa Str. 3, 80-204 Gdańsk, Poland.
3
Gdansk University of Technology, Chemical Faculty, Department of Analytical Chemistry, 11/12 G. Narutowicza Str., 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland.

Abstract

One of the present trends in analytical chemistry is miniaturization, which is one of the methods of green analytical chemistry application. A particular emphasis is placed on the elimination of the use of large amounts of organic solvents which are toxic and harmful to the environment, maintaining high efficiency of the extraction process, high recovery values and low values of quantification (LOQ) and detection (LOD) limits. These requirements are fulfilled by coacervative extraction (CAE) technique. In this review, theoretical aspects of the coacervation process are presented along with environmental and bioanalytical applications of this technique, its advantages, limitations and competitiveness with other techniques. Due to its simplicity and rapidity, CAE is an excellent alternative for currently practiced procedures of sample preparation for the analysis of organic compounds.

KEYWORDS:

Coacervates; Coacervation; Green chemistry; Sample preparation; Surfactants

PMID:
24666936
DOI:
10.1016/j.chroma.2014.02.082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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