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J Anim Sci. 2013 Jul;91(7):3177-87. doi: 10.2527/jas.2012-5424. Epub 2013 Apr 9.

The increased intramuscular fat promoted by dietary lysine restriction in lean but not in fatty pig genotypes improves pork sensory attributes.

Author information

1
CIISA, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal.

Abstract

Sixty entire male pigs from 2 distinct genotypes (30 Alentejano purebred, an autochthonous fatty genotype, and 30 commercial crossbred pigs, a lean genotype) were used to investigate the effects of dietary CP reduction and low-Lys levels on growth performance, carcass traits, and meat quality. Pigs with 59.9 ± 2.0 kg BW were randomly assigned within each genotype to 1 of 3 diets [normal CP diet (control), reduced CP diet adjusted for Lys (RPDL), and reduced CP diet not adjusted for Lys (RPD)] as a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments with 10 individually fed pigs per treatment. Pigs were slaughtered at 93.4 ± 2.4 kg BW. The results showed that intramuscular fat (IMF) content of longissimus lumborum muscle was greater in Alentejano than crossbred pigs (5.0 vs. 2.4%). The RPDL had no effect on IMF content, ADG, backfat thickness, and loin weight in both genotypes. The RPD promoted the increase (P < 0.05) in IMF content in crossbred (∼50%) but not Alentejano pigs, which indicates that Lys restriction can mediate the effect of RPD. Within crossbred pigs, meat obtained from pigs fed RPD had an increased IMF content (+1.3%) and a tendency for greater sensory scores (tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and acceptability) than those fed the control. The IMF content was positively correlated to flavor in Alentejano genotype (P < 0.05) but not in crossbred pigs. Alentejano and crossbred pigs had a greater tendency to deposit 18:1c9 and SFA, respectively. Despite the contribution of fatty acid composition to flavor, its influence on pork acceptability was more noticeable in crossbred than Alentejano pigs. In conclusion, the increased IMF promoted by dietary CP reduction in lean but not in fatty pig genotypes during the growing-finishing period is likely due to Lys limitation, which seems to enhance eating quality of pork.

PMID:
23572257
DOI:
10.2527/jas.2012-5424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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