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Brain Res. 1990 Apr 23;514(1):131-4.

Excitatory amino acid antagonists protect mice against seizures induced by bicuculline.

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Department of Pharmacology, Medical School, Lublin, Poland.


The effects of excitatory amino acid antagonists on convulsions induced by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) or systemic (s.c.) administration of the gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) antagonist bicuculline (BIC) were tested in mice. 3-[+/-)-2-Carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonate (CPP), 2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoate (AP7) and (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo(a,d)cycloheptan-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801) were used as representatives of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists. gamma-D-Glutamylaminomethylsulphonate (gamma-D-GAMS) typified a preferential kainate (KA) antagonist, 6-cyano-7-nitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) represented a preferential quisqualate (QA) antagonist, and kynurenic acid (KYNA) was used as a mixed NMDA/KA antagonist. Bicuculline methiodide (BMI) induced clonic convulsions following i.c.v. administration with a CD50 of 0.183 nmol (range 0.164-0.204). The excitatory amino acid antagonists blocked clonic seizures induced by BMI in the dose of 0.224 nmol (approximately CD97) when coinjected into the lateral ventricle. CPP (ED50 0.0075 nmol) was the most potent anticonvulsant and was followed by AP7 (0.182 nmol), MK-801 (0.22 nmol), gamma-D-GAMS (0.4 nmol), KYNA (1.7 nmol) and CNQX (5.17 nmol). Muscimol (MSC), the GABAA agonist, blocked BMI-induced seizures with an ED50 of 0.25 nmol. Systemic (s.c.) administration of BIC induced in mice generalized seizures with a CD50 of 2.2 mg/kg (range 1.9-2.5) for clonus and CD50 of 2.4 mg/kg (range 2.2-2.7) for tonus.2+ the pathogenesis of seizures triggered by bicuculline in mice.

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